1 Assistant Professor, Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Iran

2 MSc. in International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


In the course of transformation in the notion of nationality, changing the related rules is inevitable. With the manorial system abolished, nationality is no longer defined as loyalty towards a particular individual, but rather a legal status which assures mutual rights and obligations between a person and a State. The term "nationality" is a description of requirements of membership in a community based on culture, history, ethics, political beliefs and common values shared. As a result, International Law does not hold a strong position to interfere with the recognition of nationality by States. However, as a decisive factor, nationality retains significant functions in international relations. It determines the extent of rights and obligations of states towards each other and towards the international community. As an act of sovereignty with international consequences, acknowledgement of nationality is followed by concepts such as personal jurisdiction in international criminal law and diplomatic protection in international tribunals. According to modern international law everyone has the right to a nationality. Although it is not intended to conclude that based on this right individuals are entitled to a specific nationality, however, it is also not within its interpretation that States, based on their sovereignty, have the right to regulate the rules of nationality with complete disregard for developments of international law and especially Human Rights. Based on internal and international aspects of the concept of nationality, this study evaluates Iran's domestic regulations regarding Women's nationality. As a finding of the paper, some articles of The Civil Code appear to be in conflict with The State's sovereign rights as well as International Law.


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