Assistant Professor, Department of International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran


The theory of "Just War" belongs to ancient times that even precede the era of Jus Gentium. This theory had three distinct sections i.e. the Jus ad bellum, with main focus on State's right to wage to war; Jus in bello, which revolved around means and methods of warfare; and finally, Jus post bellum, which dealt with justice after war. In this article, the main argument is that the modern concept of the Responsibility to Protect is rooted in the theory of "Just War". As a result, all obligations raised from the mentioned theory must exist in this new concept to protect the war victims. The article discusses the three pillars of R2P and eventually argues that on the basis of R2P's Responsibility to Rebuild, in addition to the State and the party to conflict who violates the rules of jus in bello, the International community, also has a responsibility to protect the victims of war.


  1. الف) فارسی


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    ب) انگلیسی


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    1. Freeman, Mark and Drazen Djukic (2008). “Jus Post Bellum and Transitional Justice”, in Jus Post Bellum, edited by Carsten Stahn and Jann K. Kleffner, TMC Asser Institute Press.
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    6. UN Doc. A/63/677, 12 January 2009.
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    9. UN Doc. E/CN.4/2005/102/add.1, 8 February 2005.


    1. Ethiopia Eritrea Claims Commission, Final Award in Eritrea’s Damages Claims, 17 August 2009.
    2. European Court of Human Rights, Case Markovic and others v. Italy, Judgment, 14 December 2006.
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