1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph. D. student in International Law, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


One of the means of participation for international non-governmental organizations in international proceedings is their intervention as a "Friend of the Court". Through this legal institution, these organizations can present their remarks, in writing or by oral address, on the facts and the laws governing the claim to the court. While International judicial and quasi-judicial authorities have reacted differently, unlike the International Court of Justice who have refused to accept the remarks of Friends of the Court, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea has taken a flexible approach towards this institution. The current paper this aims at presenting the flexibilities in judicial procedures of the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea in light of its recent precedent.


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8. Rah & wallrabenstein (2006). "Sustainability Needs Judicial Support: What Does the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) Offer in This Respect?", in International Maritime Organisations and their Contribution Towards a Sustainable Development, Peter Ehlers & Rainer Lagoni.
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