In response to global warming and climate change, the international community has taken a variety of actions, most notably the conclusion of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and its subsequent protocols. The most recent document, which has been agreed under the Framework Convention on Climate Change is the Paris Agreement. The Paris agreement, although formulated as a separate treaty, is part of the Framework Convention on Climate Change. Accession to this agreement for the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran as one of the members of the Framework Convention on Climate Change will have significant legal and economic effects and consequences. This paper examines the nature of the Paris Agreement and legal consequences of the accession of the Islamic Republic of Iran from the perspective of international law. In this paper, the text of the agreement is dealt with and in particular certain obligations on Member States will be discussed. Furthermore, the monitoring and compliance mechanism required by the Paris Agreement and its enforcement will be elaborated.


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