1 Ph.D. Student in Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Prof., Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Prof., Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

4 Prof., Department of Law, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


The necessity of Judicial security or Justice is that no one be prose cuted,tried,or punished for the same crime or conduct more than one time.Ne bis in idem is one of the important principles of criminal proceeding in internal systems that has entered into the international law field and has a special position.This principle has also been specified in statutes of the international criminal courts both ad-hoc and permanent.According to being better of international proceedings than internal proceedings and presumption or possibility of fair trial and without exercising influence,the international criminal courts decisions are absolutely possessing Res Judicate but the reverse is not so, and if a country proceeds against one of the international crimes in the internal courts,the International criminal courts can try such a person again,and its only reason is observing some of the most important fair trial indicators and preventing not being punished of perpetrators of the international serious crimes.


1. فارسی
الف) کتاب‌‌ها
1. خالقی، علی (1394). آیین دادرسی کیفری، ج 1، چ سی‌ویکم، تهران: مؤسسۀ مطالعات و پژوهش‌های حقوقی شهر دانش.
2. کیتی چایساری، کریانگ ساک )1393(. حقوق کیفری بین‌المللی، ترجمۀ حسین آقایی جنت مکان، چ چهارم، تهران: جنگل.
3. گلدوست جویباری، رجب )1393(. آیین دادرسی کیفری، چ سوم، تهران: جنگل و جاودانه.       
ب) مقالات
4. پرالوس، میشل (1377). «بررسی قاعدۀ منع تعقیب مجدد در حقوق جزای بین‌الملل و حقوق جوامع اروپا»، ترجمۀ علی اوسط جاویدزاده، مجلۀ حقوقی دادگستری، ش 25، ص 208-167.
5. حبیب‌زاده، محمدجعفر؛ اردبیلی، محمدعلی؛ جانی‌پور، مجتبی (1384). «قاعدۀ منع محاکمه و مجازات مجدد در حقوق کیفری بین‌المللی»، فصلنامۀعلمی و پژوهشیمدرس علوم انسانی، ویژه‌نامۀ بهار، ش 41، ص 74-47.
6. کاتوزیان، ناصر (1387). «ویژگی‌های اعتبار امر قضاوت‌شده در امور کیفری نقدی بر قراردادیار»، فصلنامۀ حقوق، مجلۀ دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دورۀ 38، ش 1، ص 284-271.
2. انگلیسی
A) Books
7. schabas, William A. (2007). an Introduction to the International criminal court,Cambridge university press, NewYork,Third Edition.
8. Safferling,christoph J. M. (2001). Towards An International criminal procedure,First published,oxford university press.
9. wyngaert, Christine VanDen, And Tom ongena, (2002).“Ne bis in Idem principle.Including theIssues of Amnesty”Chapter theCassese,Antonio, The Rome statute of the International Criminal Court A Commentary,Oxforduniversity press NewYork.first published,pp.705-728.
B) Articles
10. Benzing,Marcus. (2003). “The Complementarity Regime of international Criminal Court:international Criminal Justice between state sovereignty and the fight against impunity”,in Armin Von Bogdanady and Rudiger Wolfrume(eds) Max planck Year book of united Nationlaw,Vol.7, pp.591-632.
11. carter, Linda. E. (2010). “The principle of complementarity and the InternationalCriminalcourt:TheRole of Ne Bis inIdem”,santa Clara Journal of International Law,Vol. 8, pp.165-198.    
12. El zeidy, Mohamed. (2002). “The principle of complementarity:A new Machinery to implement the International Criminal law”,Michigan Journal of international law, Vol .23.Issue 4,pp.869-975.
13. spinellis,Dionysios. (2002). “The Ne Bis In Idem principleIn GlobalInstruments”,International Review of penal Law, V0l 73 . Issues 3 & 4, pp.1149-1162.
14. Bacio Terracino, Julio. ( 2007). “National Implementation of Icc Crimes”, Journal of International Criminal Justice, Vol. 5,pp.421-440 .