1 Assistant Prof., Department of Public Law, University of Tehran College of Farabi, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Prof., Department of Law, University of Bojnourd. Bojnourd, Iran

3 Assistant Prof., Department of Law, University of Birjand , Birjand, Iran


In the current era, which is an era of rights, legal literacy is recognized as one of the components of power, ability and capability of citizens and awareness of the law is power. Legal literacy, on the one hand, provides citizens with individual and group rights and is considered as an introduction to their demands and on the other hand, by identifying assignments to individuals, the predictability of citizens' lives will be better. Examination of the measures taken in the Islamic Republic of Iran’s system indicates that, although in most of the current laws and regulations, the legal literacy category has not been explicitly mentioned, but the general emphasis on the need to inform the public in some legal documents can be seen in a comprehensive interpretation including the assignment to legal information and legal literacy training. In the legislative field, it is necessary to formulate a solid legal framework and in the realm of implementation, by providing formal and informal training of legal literacy and also through active participation in civil society organizations in this field, the right to full access to it is fully ensured.


1. فارسی
الف) کتاب‌ها
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ب) مقالات
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2. انگلیسی
A) Books
4. Cotula, Lorenzo (2007). Legal Empowerment for Local Resource Control: Securing Local Resource Rights Within Foreign Investment Projects in Africa, London, International Institute for Environment and Development.
5. Goldberg, S, (2004). Literacy in the Courtroom: A Guide for Judges, Ottawa, National Judicial Institute.
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B) Articles
10. Abdul Rani, Mohd Haris (2014)."Making the law work for everyone : legal empowerment in public schools", Journal of Administrative Science, vol. 11,  No 2, pp 1-9.
11. Beljaars, Ben (2009). ”Implementing Legal Information Literacy: A Challenge for the Curriculum”, International Journal of Legal Information, vol.37, issue3, pp 320-332
12. Cassidy, Wanda, and Pat Pitsula (2005). "Forging a New Pathway: Learning from Experience and Research to Shape Practice in Public Legal Education Efforts in Canada", Education Law Journal , vol 15, No 2, pp 113-138.
13. McDonald, Susan (2000). "Beyond Caselaw – Public Legal Education in Ontario Legal Clinics", Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, vol. 18, pp 3-59.
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16. Pulikuthiyil, G, (2010). "Legal Literacy: Social Empowerment for Democracy and Good Governance", Human Rights Education in Asia-Pacific, vol 1, pp 94-110.
17. Upadhyay, Sanjay (2005). "Law for the people: interactive approaches to legal literacy in India", Participatory Learning and Action , vol 53, pp 23-29.
18. Westheimer, J. & Kahne, J. (2004). What kind of citizen? The politics of educating forDemocracy. American Educational Research Journal, vol. 41,No 2, pp 237-269.
C) Cases
19. Golub, S., McQuay, k.( 2001). ‘Legal Empowerment: Advancing Good Governance and Poverty Reduction’ (Asian Development Bank, 2001). Available at:
Public legal education network (2009), Measuring young people’s legal capability, research report
21. United Nations(2012), Extreme poverty and human rights, Note by the Secretary-General
22. Zariski ,Archie (2011),What is legal literacy?Examining the concept and objectives of legal literacy. Available at: