Document Type : Article


1 Prof., Faculty of Law, University of Tehran, College of Farabi, Qom, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student in Oil and Gas Law, Faculty of Law, University of Tehran, College of Farabi, Qom, Iran


One of the traditional ways which are used to support the production of domestic goods and services, drafting and implementation of the local content requirement. The government’s intervention in the market through obliging the persons to utilize the domestic products has been reflected in different laws and regulations and independently has been enacted in 1997, 2012 and 2019 in Iran. In this article, it will be discussed that the ideal legislation on this matter is subject to which requirements. This article concludes that using legal instruments for obliging persons to utilize the local products is subject to existence of social and economic justifying reasons. In case of existence of such reasons, the law shall be drafted in such a manner that while meeting the requirements of the rule of law, on one hand, the problem of quasi domestic monopoly is prevented from being formed, and on the other hand, it does not give rise to a situation in which the local producers can supply their occasionally-poor goods and services at the cost of the whole economy and at the same time, lose their ability to compete with the foreign producers.


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ج) قوانین و مقررات
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10. قانون حداکثر استفاده از توان تولیدی و خدماتی در تأمین نیازهای کشور و تقویت آنها در امر صادرات و اصلاح مادة 104 قانون مالیات‌های مستقیم مصوب 01/05/1391.
11. قانون حداکثر استفاده از توان تولیدی و خدماتی کشور و حمایت از کالای ایرانی مصوب 15/02/1398.
12. قانون حداکثر استفاده از توان فنی و مهندسی تولیدی و صنعتی و اجرایی کشور در اجرای پروژه‌ها و ایجاد تسهیلات به‌منظور صدور خدمات 12/12/1375.
13. قانون موافقت‌نامة تشویق و حمایت از سرمایه‌گذاری بین کشورهای عضو اکو و پروتکل اصلاحی آن مصوب 8/10/1388.
14. لایحة قانونی نحوةخرید و تملک اراضی و املاک برای اجرای برنامه‌های عمومی، عمرانی و نظامی دولت مصوب 17/11/1358.
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C( Regulations
23. Legal bill on the purchase and acquisition of land and property for the implementation of public, civil and military programs of the government approved in 1979, (In Persian).
24. Petroleum (Local Content And Local Participation) Regulations(Ghana) , 2013
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27. The law of Maximum Utilization of Service and Production Capabilities in Supply of the Country Requirements and their Fortification in Exports and Amendment to Article 104 of the Direct Taxation Act, approved in 2012, (In Persian).
28. The law of Maximum Utilization of Technical and Engineering Capacity of Production, Industrial and Executive of the Country in the Implementation of Projects and Establishment of Facilities for Export of Services approved in 1996, (In Persian).
29. The Law on Investment Promotion and Support Agreement between ECO member countries and its amended protocol approved in 2009, (In Persian).
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