Document Type : Article


Assistant Prof, Department of Law, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran


Despite the importance and undeniable place of the principle of  public trial in human rights and domestic law, its realization still remains one of the concerns of the Iranian judicial system. The reason must be sought in the obstacles and challenges that prevent the implementation of this important principle. Given that the theoretical and legal barriers to the establishment of this principle have been examined in previous studies, the present paper, using a descriptive-analytical method, will examine some of the other barriers to the the principle, including religious, judicial, structural and cultural ones. The findings of the study will show  that due to its sharia basis and lack of contrary jurisprudence, no religious barrier to the principle of public trial in criminal proceedings can be conceived. In addition, by reforming judicial procedures and structures,  appropriate oversight of judges, allocating the funds needed to rebuild the courts system, creating the appropriate cultural context and providing public education, systemic and cultural barriers to public trilas can be removed.


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