Document Type : Article
Associate Prof., Faculty of Law, Qom University, Qom, Iran
Ph. D in public international law, Qom University, Qom, Iran
In war-torn societies, there has always been controversy about peace-making on one hand, and providing justice on the other hand. Proponents of peace argue that the pursuit of justice and accountability will only intensify the conflict, while proponents of justice argue that lasting peace is not possible without justice. The essential question is what is the relationship between peace and justice? Is the perception of incompatibility of peace and justice stemmed in reality or is it due to a misconception? The present article will argue that the perception of conflict between peace and justice is fundamentally incorrect. Peace is more than an immediate cessation of violence, and justice goes beyond punishment. Ultimately, there is an interaction between peace and justice, as justice is the basis for consolidating peace after conflict in war-torn societies. Therefore, both peace and justice must be achieved in such societies because a justice-oriented approach can provide an opportunity to foster and maintain lasting and comprehensive peace. However, it can also be said that each conflict has its own unique characteristics, and therefore, it is not possible to take a single approach to all non-international conflicts. The use of library data and international instruments and practice in the framework of a descriptive-analytical research, has helped us prove the utility and effectiveness of this approach.
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