Document Type : Article


Assistant Prof. Woman and family Research Center, Qom, Iran


The purpose of this article is to analyze gender as the main criterion in gender justice, and figure out the relationship between gender justice and the important criteria in theories of justice which are fairness, needs, and merit. Feminists have also added a new dimension, namely gender equality. The present article will answer what is meant by gender and gender justice as an evolving concept and how they relate to the criteria in theories of justice. Accordingly, the purpose of this article is to scrutinize the concept of gender, to know what the relationship between criteria in important theories of justice with gender is. The method is to collect data and then analyze their content. The results of this study are as follows: Theories of justice have neglected gender as a criterion, as their main source is economics and political science. Feminists have disregarded the basic theories of justice, as little attention has been paid to gender in these theories. Only John Rawls's theory and his writings have alluded to key feminist concepts; to him women are as important as other weak classes in society, such as the disabled and the poor. Other theories are more committed to micro-thinking than to theories of group issues such as women. Although feminists have tried to maintain their connection with theories of justice in some way, they seem only to be committed to equality. Therefore, gender justice is in fact a feminist reading of the theory of equality in outcomes and has been considered as a strategy in the transition phase to gender equality.


  1. English

    1. A) Books
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    14. Roy, Katica. (2017), Why We Need Gender Equity Now,
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    1. B) Articles
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    3. Delphy, Chrisine (2003), Rethinking Sex and Gender, Feminist. theory reader: Local and global perspective, New York, Routledge.
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    6. Oleck, Howard L, (1951), "Historical Nature of Equity Jurisprudence", Fordham Law Review, Vol. 20, Issue. 1.


    1. C) Documents
    2. Desprez-Bouanchaud, A, Doolaege, J., and Ruprecht, L. (1999). Guidelines on Gender-Neutral Language, Paris, Unesco, Available at:; (2) CEDAW Committee (2010). General Recommendation No 28 on the core obligations of States parties under Article 2 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.
    3. Hannan, Carolyn, (2007), GENDER EQUALITY AND GENDER JUSTICE, United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) At the 23rd General Assembly of the Conference of NGOs in Consultative Relationship with the UN (CONGO), Geneva, 7 December.
    7. Gender equality is a global priority for UNESCO and inextricably linked to its efforts to promote the right to education and support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Through the Education 2030 Framework for Action.
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    10. The Oslo Coalition on Freedom of Religion or Belief © Norwegian Center for Human Rights PO Box 6706 St. Olavs plass NO-0130 OSLO.


    Refrences In Persian:

    1. A) Books
    2. Ali Akbarian, Hassan Ali (2008), The Rule of Justice in Shia Jurisprudence, Qom: Institute of Islamic Sciences and Culture press (In Persian).

    Baumeister, Roy (2010), Is There Anything Good About Men? How Cultures Flourish by Exploiting Men, Oxford university pres (In Persian).

    1. Franken, William (2004), Philosophy of Ethics, translated by Hadi Sadeghi, Qom, Taha press (In Persian).
    2. Jagger Allison (1999), Four Perceptions of Feminism, Reference Bulletin, Excerpts from Articles and Texts on Feminism, translated by S. Amiri, Editor-in-Chief: Mehdi Mehrizi, Tehran, Al-Huda International press (In Persian).
    3. Langerman, Patricia Medo (1995), "Contemporary Feminist Theory", Sociological Theories in Contemporary Times, George Ritzer, translated by Mohsen Thalasi, Tehran, Scientific press (In Persian).
    4. Motahari Morteza, (2010) Divine Justice, Tehran: Sadra press (In Persian).
    5. Peyghami, Adel (2016), speeches about social justice, Imam Sadegh university press (In Persian).
    6. Tabatabai, Mohammad Hussein (1390), Almizan (a book of Qur'an Interpretation), Beirut, Alami institution press (In Persian).
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    1. B) Articles
    2. Alasvand, Fariba (2016), "The criterion of inequality in the definition of justice: a philosophical or theological matter; A Study of Allameh Tabatabai's Perspective on the Legal Difference between Men and Women ", Journal of Gender and Family Studies, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp.69-86 (In Persian).
    3. Alasvand, Fariba (2018), Gender justice as an unconventional and interpretable concept. Jurisprudental and legal studies of woman and family Journal, Vol. 1, Issue 1, 2018, pp. 59-78 (In Persian).