Document Type : Article


1 PhD. Student, Faculty of Law, College of Farabi University of Tehran, Qom, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


The concept of law, in its modern sense, entered the Iranian intellectual discourse more than two centuries ago, and from the very beginning became a rival to sharia which was the ultimate legal order of Iranian society since the dawn of Islam. Many Iranian scholars tried to resolve the conflicts between the two. One of the most prominent works on this topic is Mirza Yousef Mostashar-Al-Dawlah’s “Risalah Yek-Kalameh”. Reading this book is at once easy and difficult, so much so that there have been many interpretations of the author’s intentions. This study will attempt to critically analyze the three major interpretations of “Risalah Yek-Kalameh”. The results of the study indicate that Mirza Yousef Khan failed to solve the conflict between sharia and law, because he did not understand the exact meaning of those concepts and their limits.


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