Document Type : Article

Authors

1 Department of Law, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 Assistant Prof., 1-Department of Law, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

3 Assistant Prof., Department of Law, Political Science & History, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran

Abstract

The concept of sexual crimes in times of armed conflicts has provoked a very serious debate in international law. At the same time, the jurisprudence of ICTY and ICTR on such malpractices as forced sexual conducts in armed conflicts has led to a more progressive approach on the part of international law in this regard. Nevertheless, the diversity of opinions delivered by the different branches of the tribunals mentioned has foreshadowed further development in formulating coherent definitions for sexual crimes in times of war. This article aims to address the transformations underscoring sexual crimes in the jurisprudence of ICTY and ICTR. Employing an analytical descriptive approach, this article argues that the silence of these tribunals' statutes on the question of sexual crimes has caused a classification of these offenses under such headings as war crimes or crimes against humanity. The issue of whether this is a welcome development or not, will further be discussed in this article.

Keywords

  1. فارسی

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  1. انگلیسی
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  1. C) Documents
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