Document Type : Article


Assistant Prof. Faculty of Social Sciences, Departman of Law, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran


One of the problems in the field of employer-employee relations is the phenomenon of mobbing. In this descriptive-analytical study of the mobbing phenomenon, the mobbing refers to abusive activities, including intimidation and humiliation, intended to harass, and thus expel a worker from the workplace. Mobbing can cause severe physical and mental injuries, and enormous personal and social costs which demonstrate the necessity of combating it. In the Iranian legal system, combating this phenomenon can be justified on the basis of respect for human dignity and the employer’s obligation to safeguard workers’ health as well as the principle of freedom of work. Nonetheless, specific rules against mobbing have not been established. Therefore, until the enactment of special regulations, it is possible to sue or prosecute the perpetrators of mobbing under general rules of civil and criminal liability but this is not enough to support victims.


  1. فارسی

الف) کتاب­ها

  1. ابدی، سعیدرضا (1392)، کار شایسته در ایران، تهران، نشر میزان.
  2. بلوستین، دیوید (1391)، روان­شناسی کار، ترجمه علی نظری و همکاران، تهران، نشر علم.
  3. بیسن، ویکرام (1394)، روان­شناسی صنعتی و سازمانی، ترجمه اسداله صحتی، تبریز، نشر هنر اول.
  4. طجرلو، رضا (1393)، حقوق اقتصادی، اجتماعی و فرهنگی بشر، تهران، نشر دادگستر.
  5. عراقی، سیدعزت­الله (1391)، حقوق کار، تهران، انتشارات سمت، جلد دوم.
  6. عراقی، سیدعزت­الله؛ رنجبریان، امیرحسین (1391)، تحول حقوق بین­المللی کار، تهران، انتشارات موسسه کار و تأمین اجتماعی.
  7. هاشمی، سیدمحمد (1396)، حقوق کار، تهران، نشر میزان.

ب) مقالات

  1. رستمی، ولی؛ قبادی، حسین(1397)، «عدالت توزیعی، کارایی و پایان قرارداد کار»، فصلنامه مطالعات حقوق عمومی، دوره48، شماره1، صص73-65.
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  1. انگلیسی
  2. A) Books
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  6. Davies, Anne C. L. (2009), Perspectives on labour law, Cambridge University Press.
  7. Hashemi Seyed Mohammad, (2017), Labor Law, Tehran, Mizan Publishing (In Persian).
  8. Iraqi Seyed Ezatullah and Amir Hossein Ranjbarian, (2012), Transformation of International Labor Law, Tehran, Labor and Social Security Institute Publications (In Persian).
  9. Iraqi Seyed Ezzatullah, (2012), Labor Law, Tehran, Samat Publications, Volume II (In Persian).
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  11. Tajarloo Reza, (2014), Economic, Social and Cultural Human Rights, Tehran, Dadgostar Publishing (In Persian).


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  15. Porteous, Janette, (2002), "Bullying at work – the legal position", Managerial Law, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp.77-90.
  16. Rostami Vali and Hossein Ghobadi, (2016), "Distributive Justice, Efficiency and Termination of Employment Contract", Quarterly Journal of Public Law Studies, Volume 48, Number 1,pp.65-73 (In Persian).
  17. Temizel Yavuz, (2013), “Mobbing ve Türk Hukuk Sistemindeki Yeri”, Adalet Dergisi,vol.45,no.2, pp.188-223.
  18. Vartia, Maarit, (2003), “The Sources of Bullying: Psychological Work Environment and Organizational Climate”, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Vol.5, No.2, pp.203-214.
  19. Yaghoubi Noor Mohammad, Mohammad Koohi khor, Amin Reza Kamalian and Mehdi Tajpour, (2018), "Study of the effect of organizational bullying behaviors on job and organizational attitudes", Management of Government Organizations, No. 2, pp.117-136 (In Persian).
  20. Yamada, David C. (2008), "Workplace bullying and ethical leadership." Journal of Values-Based Leadership, vol.1,no.2, pp.49-65.
  21. Yamada, David, (2013), “The Phenomenon of “Workplace Bullying” and the need for StatusBlind Hostile Work Environment Protection, Georgetown Law Journal, vol.88, no.3, pp.475-536.
  22. Yildiz, Selver, (2010), “Psikolojik Taciz Olgusuna 4857 Sayili İş Kanunu Açisindan Bir Bakiş”, Çalışma İlişkileri Dergisi, vol. no.1, pp.71-93.