Document Type : Article
1 Assistant Prof., Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student in International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University Of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Financial transactions within the economic life of various societies have never been confined to formal methods approved by states. To the contrary, based on the economic needs of individuals in every society, parallel to the formal mechanisms, other methods are employed for transferring funds and credit. Nonetheless, these alternative remittance systems, in addition to meeting legitimate needs, have sometimes been used by criminals for committing crimes such as money laundering and financing of terrorism to the effect that tracing and prosecuting the crimes becomes more difficult.International instruments such as the United Nations Convention against Corruption International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, recommendations by the Financial Action Task Force, as well as Security Council Resolution 1373, have sought to encourage states to implement measures to combat such abuses. In recent years, the Islamic Republic of Iran has likewise made a considerable effort to ensure that its national legal system meets the standards laid down in international instruments, even as these endeavors require increased revision and update.
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- D) Document
- Anti-Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Measures and Financial Inclusion
- Circular No. 9/92805 August 2010, General Management of Regulations, Licenses and Anti-Money Laundering Office of the Central Bank Anti-Money Laundering Office
- Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data (Convention 108).
- Convention for the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data (Convention 108 +).
- Council of Europe, Committee of Ministers, Explanatory Memorandum to Recommendation No. R (87) 15 of the Committee of Ministers to member states regulating the use of personal data in the police sector (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 17 September 1987 at the 410th meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)
- Directive (EU) 2016/380 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons for the purposes of the prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties, and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Council Framework Decision 2008/977/JHA.
- Directive (EU) 2016/679 (General Data Protection Regulation)
- Directive (EU) 2018/843 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 amending Directive (EU) 2015/849 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing and amending Directive 2009/138/EC and 2013/36/EU.
- International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism
- International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights
- United Nations Convention againt Corruption (UNCAC)
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Refrences In Persian
- A) Books
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- Sadeghi, Hussein (2007), Protecting the Information and Communication Privacy in International Documents and Iranian Law, University of Tehran Press (In Persian).
- B) Articles
- Nissan Bam, Helen (1381),” Protecting the right to privacy in the information age. Translated by Abbas Imani”, Journal of Research, No. 2, 171-201 (In Persian).
- D) Document
- Amendment of the executive instructions of the rules governing foreign exchange, bank documents and anonymous securities with the passenger (1396), Article 1 (In Persian).
- Anti-Money Laundering Law approved in 2007 (In Persian).
- Funds Documentation Regulations, No. 211815 / T39395 AH, 2007, Article 5 (In Persian).
- Law on Amending the Anti-Money Laundering Law approved in 1397 (In Persian).
- Law on Amending the Law on Combating the Financing of Terrorism, 1397 (In Persian).
- Law on Combating the Financing of Terrorism, 2015 (In Persian).
- Law on the Accession of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the United Nations Convention against Corruption, approved by the Expediency Council, 2008 (In Persian).