Document Type : Article


1 Ph.D. Student in Public Law. Faculty of Law and Political Science University of Allameh Tabatabayii. Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Prof. Department of Law. Faculty of Law. University of Tarbiat Modares.Tehran. Iran


Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are among the influential institutions whose participation in reforming the judiciary will increase its efficiency and thus increase public trust in the judicial system. In other countries, the groundwork has been laid for the entry and participation of NGOs in the judiciary, and these organizations have been able to remedy many shortcomings in the judiciary. The NGOs have been involved in such activities as academic interactions with judges, supporting prisoners, fighting corruption, effective participation in the judicial process, monitoring the functioning of the judiciary and crime prevention. For this purpose, the NGOs have been developing programs and implementing them with the help of the government. With respect to Iran, however, despite the recognition of the role of NGOs in various laws and regulations - especially the Guidelines on the Participation and Interaction of NGOs with the Judiciary in which the participation of NGOs in the judicial process, combating corruption, and prevention of crime have been provided - in practice, the influence of these organizations in the judicial system is limited. Indeed, the rights of the NGOs have remained unimplemented, and the two sides have  been unable to interact for the purpose of improving the judiciary.


  1. فارسی

الف) کتاب‌ها

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ب) مقالات

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ج) اسناد

  1. آیین‌نامة اجرایی تأسیس و فعالیت سازمان‌های غیردولتی، 1384.
  2. آیین‌نامة مراقبت از زندانیان بعد از خروج، 1378.
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  8. انگلیسی
  9. A) Books
  10. Antonijevic, Milan (2016), NGOs and the judiciary - watch dog activities, interactions, collaboration, communication SERBIA, INPRIS.
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  1. B) Articles
  2. Bakolias, Maria (2000),"Legal and Judicial Development: The Role of Civil Society in the Reform Process", Fordham International Law Journal, Vol. 24, Issue 6, PP. 25-55.
  3. Magliveras, KONSTANTINOS D (2016), "FREEDOMS OF ASSOCIATION AND ASSEMBLY AND NGO REGULATION IN GREECE AND ENGLAND", International Journal of Not-for-Profit Law / Vol. 18, No. 1, PP. 40-53.
  4. Mayer, Lloyd Hitoshi (2011), "NGO Standing and Influence in Regional Human Rights Courts and Commissions", Brooklyn Journal of International Law, Vol. 36, Issue 3, PP. 910-946.
  5. Shubhalakshmi, P (2015), "AN ANALYSIS ON THE ROLE OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS IN SENSITIZING AND PROTECTING HUMAN RIGHTS IN INDIA", International Journal of Law and Legal Jurisprudence Studies:ISSN:2348-8212:Vol. 4, Issue 2, PP. 165-177.
  6. Trivunovic, Marijana & Devine, Vera (2015), Evaluation of the Project “Improving Judicial Efficiency(Bosnia and Herzegovina), Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sida, PP. 1-108.


  1. C) Documents
  2. Code of Criminal Procedure, 2015.
  3. Regulations for the care of prisoners after their release, 1999.
  4. The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1989.