Document Type : Article


1 Assistant Prof., Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 MA. Student in International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Alborz Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Postdoc Researcher, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


With the development of technology and the interconnection of economies, the use of unilateral sanctions by powerful states, as a tool to exert pressure on the target country, has both increased and acquired a different function compared to the past. The most detrimental effects of unilateral sanctions can be seen on the fundamental rights of ordinary citizens of the target countries, including the right to health and the right to access food.  Thus, the question arises as to the extent of the sanctioning state’s responsibility for the violation of such rights. This paper will study the factors influencing the increase in the impact of economic sanctions on the sanctioned country, and will examine how, under international and human rights law, the sanctioning state can be held responsible with respect to the fundamental human rights of the sanctioned country’s people.


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