Document Type : Article

Authors

1 PhD Candidate in Private Law, Faculty of Humanities, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Private Law, Department of Law, Faculty of Humanities, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran

Abstract

The spread of COVID-19 disease has now become the biggest health crisis worldwide. Biotechnology research companies have begun a new era in overcoming the disease by using genetic modification techniques. The findings of the present study, which was performed by descriptive-analytical method, indicate that the COVID-19 vaccine based on genetic modification technology faces two main challenges: First, the relatively strict approach regulation to genetically modified organisms that exists to protect the environment and human health, and compliance with these requirements may make the vaccine production process a lengthy evaluation process. Second, companies active in this field seek legal protection for their intellectual achievements: Critics of intellectual property protection, however, believe that this type of protection of the COVID vaccine could potentially affect accessibility and cost-effectiveness. In the legal system of the European Union and the America, special legal actions are prescribed to exit the above challenges. However, due to the emergency situation caused by the spread of the disease in the Iranian legal system, we still face Legal vacuum.

Keywords

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