Document Type : Article


1 Ph.D. in Public Law, Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Prof., Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Prof., Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch , Tehran, Iran

4 Assistant Prof., Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Islamic Azad University , South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran


From the perspective of the [Iranian] Constitution, social justice cannot be achieved through near reliance on pension funds, since such funds are based on principles of profitability, stability, and providing services to the insured. This is so while the purpose of the constitutional legislator in paragraph 12 of Article 3 of the Constitution is to promote welfare and fight poverty in order to achieve social justice for everyone. Therefore, the subject of this paper is about the extent of government intervention in pension funds in order to achieve social justice. The present study aims to examine the principles governing a successful social security plan along with government intervention in pension funds. In this regard, the [Iranian] Social Security Pension Fund has a special place on which the study is focused using documentary-library data with emphasis on the content analysis of the [Iranian] Constitution. The hypothesis of the research is that exercising executive-branch authority in order to implement paragraph 12 of Article 3 and Article 29 of the Constitution should be regarded as undue interference in the way pension funds, and in particular the [Iranian] Social Security Fund invest their capital.


  1. انگلیسی

    1. A) Articles
    2. Davis, E Philip (2002), “PENSION FUND MANAGEMENT AND INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT – A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE”, Brunel University West London. Paper to be presented at the Senior Level Policy Seminar, Caribbean Centre for Monetary Studies, Trinidad, 3 May 2002.


    1. B) Documents
    2. Declaration of Philadelphia (1944), Declaration concerning the Aims and Purposes of the International Labor Organization, adopted at the 26th session of the ILO, Philadelphia.
    3. ISSA (2013), ISSA good governance guidelines for social security institutions
    4. ILO (1989), Report of Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations.
    5. ISSA (2013), Dynamic Social Security: A global commitment to excellence, Geneva, International Social Security.
    6. OECD (2006), GUIDELINES ON PENSION FUND ASSET MANAGEMENT, Recommendation of the Council, Insurance and Private Pensions Committee and Working Party on Private Pensions.
    7. OECD(2016), Annual survey of large pension funds and public pension reserve funds; report on pension funds long-term investments 2015. Ed. by: Joel Paula & Others, published by Secretary-General of the OECD.
    8. Gertler, M. (1999, June). Government debt and social security in a life-cycle economy. In Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy (Vol. 50, pp. 61-110). North-Holland.
    9. Holzmann, Robert(1999), A WORLD BANK PERSPECTIVE ON PENSION REFORM , World Bank.
    10. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), adopted by the United Nations General Assembly.
    11. World Bank Group (2000), Portfolio limits: Pension investment restrictions compromise fund performance, World Bank Pension Reform Primer.
    12. World Bank (2003), Islamic republic of Iran the pension system in Iran: challenges and opportunities (Report No. 25174-IR).


    References in Persian

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    1. B) Articles
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