Document Type : Article


1 Associate Prof., Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. in International Law, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


Confronting various issues in the international community, international law does not always function in the same way. This is because behind this legal system, like any other system, there are human agents who each understand and interpret the norms and rules of international law according to their own hypotheses and presuppositions. In the meantime, states as the main subjects of the international legal system try to maximize their ‘national interests’ with a special understanding of international law. The present article attempts to analyze the factors involved in such state policies in order to achieve peaceful settlement of international disputes through the concept of ‘foreign legal policy’. The present paper also shows how this policy directs the international dispute resolution system in general and the decisions of the International Court of Justice in particular, and conversely, the Court’s legal policy, in turn, affects the legal policy of the disputing states.


  1. English & French

    1. A) Books
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    1. B) Articles
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    1. C) Documents
    2. Aerial Incident of 27 July 1955 (Israel v. Bulgaria), ICJ Rep 1959.
    3. Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran), ICJ Rep 1952.
    4. Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro), ICJ Rep 2007.
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    6. Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Croatia v. Serbia), ICJ Rep 2015.
    7. Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v. Russian Federation), ICJ Rep 2011.
    8. Corfu Channel (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland v. Albania), ICJ Rep 1949.
    9. Free Zones of Upper Savoy and the District of Gex, PCIJ, series A, no 22.
    10. Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany v. Italy: Greece intervening), ICJ Rep 2012.
    11. Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States of America), ICJ Rep 1986.
    12. Nottebohm (Liechtenstein v. Guatemala), ICJ Rep 1955.
    13. Obligations concerning Negotiations relating to Cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race and to Nuclear Disarmament (Marshall Islands v. United Kingdom), ICJ Rep 2016


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    1. B) Articles
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