Document Type : Article
Ph.D. in Public Policy, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
In Today's World, Decentralization and the Formation of Local Institutions have been Considered as One of the Successful Solutions to Solve the Problems of Countries and More Efficient Use of Their Resources and Capabilities. Now, More Than Two Decades After the Formation of Councils in Iran, There is Almost a Consensus that this Local Institution has not Only been Ineffective in Performing its Duties and Assisting the Government, But has Sometimes Caused Fundamental Problems in the Urban Management Process. Therefore, the Question of the Present Study is: What is the Reason for the Failure of Islamic councils in Iran? The Answer is that for Decentralization to Succeed, it is Necessary to Provide a Precise Institutional Framework at Both the National and Local levels, Which has not Happened in Iran. In Fact, Using Descriptive-Analytical Method, this Research Seeks to Study the Principles and Underpinnings of the Formation of Local Institutions and its Adaptation to the Decentralization Model in Iran. Undoubtedly, Explaining the Principles of Forming Local Institutions and Adapting Them to the Current Situation of Councils Can be a Great Help in How to Modify the Decentralization Model for its Effectiveness.
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