Document Type : Article


Assistant Prof., Department of Law, Faculty of Law and Theology, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran


Following the characterization of COVID-19 outbreak as a Pandemic by WHO, it was announced that one of the most important causes of coronavirus transmission was a cruise ship. The Specific nature of the virus and special structure of the cruise ships is a major barrier to disease prevention and control. Despite the recognition of travelers and crews human rights; including right to health, right to life and repatriation in current international legal framework, pandemic have negative impacts on respecting these rights. The costs of Medical treatment, flag of convenience, port and coastal states jurisdictional Conflict and self -centered approaches of states in order to giving priority to their citizens health and national security and also a lack of trend between cruise industry stakeholders for international cooperation caused unprecedented human crisis specially at the beginning of COVID-19 Pandemic outbreak. Current Pandemic has defined a new threshold of crisis so, any accountability and cooperation should be at international level based on solidarity between all stakeholders in this area in order to be effective.


  1. انگلیسی

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    1. B) Documents
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    1. C) Reports
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    Refrences In Persian:

    1. A) Book
    2. Sohn, Louis B.; Juras, Kristen Gustafson; Noyes, John & Franckx, Erik (2011), Law of the Sea, Habibi Mojandeh, Mohammad, Tehran: Jungle Publication, First Edition (In Persian).


    1. B) Article
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