Document Type : Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student in public law Department of the public law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Science and Research Branch, islamic azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of the public law, Faculty of Law and Social Science, University tabriz, Iran

Abstract

The management and status of pension funds have always been a major concern in all societies. In terms of its functions, this institution has a high status and multifaceted impact. The situation of pension funds in Europe has long been under scrutiny, and legislative studies in this area are fraught with foresight and caution. Officials say negligence and negligence could spread the crisis of legitimacy and efficiency to the funds. Therefore, they implemented continuous reforms according to the requirements of each country. In this article, an attempt has been made to fundamentally point to the evolution of the concept of social support in European countries in the context of the theory of the welfare state. However, it should be borne in mind that the level of development and the state of the funds are not the same among European countries; However, the role of the European Union in implementing reforms in the pension programs of member states is significant.

Keywords

  1. English

    1. A) Book
    2. Bonoli, Giuliano &Toshimitsu, Shinkawa (2005),“Aging and pension reform around the world”.Edward Elgar publishing.,london.
    3. Davis, E. Philip (2000),“ Pension Funds, Financial Intermediation and the New Financial Fandscape”, Finanzmärkte im Umbruch, Berlin.
    4. Georg carol. (2011), “pensions reform issues”, princton university press.
    5. keith p. ambachtsheer (2007),“Pension revolution”,john wiley& sons inc. new jersi.

     

    1. B) Articles
    2. Asghar Zaidi & Aaron George Grech & Michael Fuchs.(2006):“Pension Policy in EU25 and its Possible Impact on Elderly Poverty”, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics,pp.1-37.
    3. Bernhard Ebbinghaus (2014), “The Privatization and Marketization of Pensions in Europe: A Double Transformation Facing the Crisis”, German Policy Studies, special issue, pp.1-14.
    4. Gordon L. Clark,(2000), “Pension systems: a comparative perspective”, WPG Working Paper, No.1, pp.1-27.
    5. Karen M. Anderson & Michael Kaeding (2008), “Pension systems in the European Union: Variable patterns of influence in Italy, the Netherlands and Belgium”, university Leiden law faculty, pp.1-22.
    6. Karel Lannoo,]and others [(2014), “Pension Schemes”, Policy department: economic and scientific policy European Parliament, pp.1-74.
    7. Kortleve, N.,]and others] (2011), “European supervision of pension funds: purpose, scope and design, Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement,(Netherlands)” Tilburg University,pp.11-52 .
    8. Markus Haverland (2007),“When the Welfare State Meets the Regulatory State: EU Occupational Pension Policy”, Journal of European Public Policy,Vol14,No 6,pp.1-21.
    9. Gilbert Mennis (2016), “Making State Pension Investments More Transparentll”, pp.1-11.
    10. Paul Schoukens (2016), “ EU social security law: The hidden ‘social’ model”, Tilburg University, pp.1-56.
    11. Werner Eichhorsyi ]and others[.(2011), “Pension systems in the EU–contingent liabilities and assets in the public and private sector, IZA Research Report, No.42, pp.15-139.

     

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    1. B) Articles
    2. Heydari shikh tabaghi, parvin (2010), " Fundamentals of a multi-layered social security system " Political & Economic Ettela'at Journal, No.273,274, pp.250-256 (In Persian).
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    1. C) Reports
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