Document Type : Article


1 Prof , Department of Public and International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 MA. in Public Law, Department of Public and International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Allame, Tehran, Iran


Among supporters of natural rights, it is believed that government is necessary and natural, but limiting the sovereignty and power of this government is also essential. The Government has been natural and necessary in natural rights advocate” s idea, following this grand approach, it is essential to the restriction of the sovereignty and power of this government. In public law studies, authority differs from crude or pure power, and the institution of authority is fundamentally linked to legitimacy .The basis of such legitimacy is the early guidance of natural rights that transforms pure force into authority under conditions of legitimacy. The nature of authority has a nature of power that is attached to legitimacy and is called legitimate power. A great example of this authority within the realm of state is sovereignty, which is a tool in the hands of the government. A sovereignty that is bound, not as an absolute entity, but as a relative entity, despite its inherent and permanent characteristics, by natural rules as an absolute entity. The output of this article paper confirms the relativism of sovereignty and absoluteness to natural rules, thereby limiting sovereignty to absolute natural laws.


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