Document Type : Article


1 Ph.D Student, Department of Public Law, faculty of Humanities, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran

2 Assistant Prof., Department of Public Law, Faculty of Humanities, Bandar Abbas Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran

3 Assistant Prof., Hormoz Research Institute, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran


There are two general approach toward the constitutionalization and  jusiciability of  economic, social and cultural rights. According to the socialist approach economic, social and cultural rights should be constitutionaized and are justiciable. Constitutionalization of  economic, social and cultural rights in one hand saves these rights of temporary political orientation and on the other hand makes justiciability of these rights easier. While in liberal approach civil and political rights are constitutionalized and judicially protected, economic, social and cultural rights are perceived non-justiciable, although constitutional judge can through the welfare interpretation of civil and political rights such as: the right to life, the right to fair trail and non-discrimination, make economic, social and cultural rights justiciable. Social movements also can make alive and enforce constitutional rights. This analytical-descriptive article through the public law point of view, tries to investigate the most important influential factors which makes economic, social and cultural rights as the second generation of human rights as justiciable.


  1. انگلیسی

    1. A) Articles
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    1. B) Cases
    2. BGE 138 II 229 (Case of Hardship Residence Permit), 22 June 2012.


    1. C) Constitutions
    2. Constitution of Ireland
    3. Constitution of Federative Republic of Brazil
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    2. 16. Office of The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights , Fact Sheet ,(2008) , No 33.


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    1. G) Websites
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    1. C) Documents
    2. 32. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (In Persian).
    3. Internation Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (In Persian).
    4. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (In Persian).