Document Type : Article


1 prof., Department of Private and Islamic Law, Faculty of Law and Political science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Private Law, Alborz Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


The large number of employers and employees and their substantial participation in the economy and the weak position of employees in the labor-management relationship, demonstrates the importance and necessity of research on individual labor dispute resolution. This paper is a comparative study of the judicial mechanisms for individual labor dispute resolution in Iran, France and The United States. In Iran, unlike the two other countries, administrative authorities resolve labor disputes under special rules. This study will show that the use of a professional judge who is an expert in labor law and familiar with the social, political and economic aspects of labor relations, in addition to representatives of workers and employers who truly represent their respective groups, together with reforming procedural aspects of labor law, especially in terms of discovery of evidence, will significantly improve Iranian labor law.


  1. انگلیسی

    1. A) Books
    2. Ebisui, Ebisui; Cooney, Sean & Fenwick, Colin (2016), Resolving Individual Labor Dispute (A comparative overview), First edition, Geneva ، International Labor Office، ILO
    3. Labor Dispute Systems, Guidelines for improved performance (2013), First edition, International training center, ILO, Geneva.



    1. B) Articles
    2. Budd, John & Colvin, Alexandre (2008), “Improved metrics for workplace dispute resolution procedure: Efficiency, equity and voice”, Industrial Relation, Vol.47, No. 3, pp. 460-479.
    3. Colvin, Alexandre (2012), “American workplace dispute resolution in the individual rights era”, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol.23, No. 3, pp. 459-475.
    4. Epstein, Richard A (1984), “In Defense of the Contract at Will”, 51 The University of Chicago Law Review 974, pp.946-982.
    5. Eugene K. Connors, Brooke Bashore-Smith (1991), “Employment Dispute Resolution in the United States: An Overview”, Canada-United States Law Journal, Vol.12, Issue 2, pp.318- 335.
    6. Fine, Jinc (2007), “A marriage made in heaven? Mismatches and misunderstandings between worker centers and unions”, British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol.45, No.2, pp.335-360.
    7. Sargos, M. Pierre (2004), “Do we need labor courts?”, Budapest: Twelfth Meeting of European Labor Court Judges.


    1. اینترنتی
    2. 2019/10/26
    3. 2019/10/26


    References in Persian

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    8. Mohseni, Hassan (2012), French Civil Procedure Code, Tehran: Publishing Joint Stock Company, Vol.1 (In Persian).
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    11. Shams, Abdollah (2002), Civil procedure, Tehran: Mizan, Vol. 3 (In Persian).


    1. B) Articles
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    13. Rostami, Vali & Akbari, Ehsan (2020), "an Investigation into the Legal Pathology of Labor Procedures in Iran", Quarterly Journal of Public Law Studies, Vol. 50, No.1, pp.79-98 (In Persian).
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