Document Type : Article

Authors

1 prof., Department of Private and Islamic Law, Faculty of Law and Political science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Private Law, Alborz Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The large amount of labors and employers and their economic participation rate in the countries, special and weaker position of labors in labor relationship and labor livelihood dependence to the work, shows us the importance and necessities of researches about individual labor dispute resolution. This article consider judicial mechanisms of individual labor dispute resolution that is methods uses legal remedies to resolve a lawsuit from the point of view of the litigant as well as the rules and regulations governing the proceedings in Iran, France and The United States of America. In Iran, unlike the two other countries that uses another systems, Administrative Authorities in accordance with special rules handles and resolves labor disputes; while studies shows the use of labor courts with a combination of a professional judge who is expert in labor law and familiar with the social, political and economic foundations of labor relations and Representing workers and employers who are the true representative of their groups and amending the relevant by-laws especially assigning more active role for the judge and anticipating an obligation for defendant in discovering the truth is more favorable to Iran labor law.

Keywords

  1. انگلیسی

    1. A) Books
    2. Ebisui, Ebisui; Cooney, Sean & Fenwick, Colin (2016), Resolving Individual Labor Dispute (A comparative overview), First edition, Geneva ، International Labor Office، ILO
    3. Labor Dispute Systems, Guidelines for improved performance (2013), First edition, International training center, ILO, Geneva.

     

     

    1. B) Articles
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    4. Epstein, Richard A (1984), “In Defense of the Contract at Will”, 51 The University of Chicago Law Review 974, pp.946-982.
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    1. اینترنتی
    2. https://www.inc.com. 2019/10/26
    3. https://www.nlrb.gov. 2019/10/26

     

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