Document Type : Article


1 Associate Professor and Faculty Member of Faculty of Law, Mofid university, Qom, Iran

2 Ph.D. in International Law at Mofid University, Qom, Iran


Since the introduction of cyberspace into human life, various ways have been suggested for regulating it. In this context, self-regulation, in the sense of private regulation and decentralized law-making, has come to fore as an efficient way for managing the online world. This approach, as a function of the libertarian discourse, views national legislation ineffective in regulating the cyberspace. But the theoretical framework of this kind of self-regulation and its strengths and weaknesses are open to debate. This study, using a descriptive-analytical approach, considers the architecture of cyberspace to be a systematic link between different layers, issues, and actors, and as such a new frontier. Given this feature, self-regulation can be an efficient way of regulating not just the various layers and issues of the cyberspace but also its physical and infrastructure issues.


  1. English

    1. A) Books
    2. Damian Tambini/Danilo Leonardi/Chris Marsden (2008), Codifying Cyberspace: Communications self-regulation in the age of Internet convergence, London, Routledge Publication.
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    4. Koka, chedia (2010), models of internet regulation, Hungray, central europeann university.
    5. Lawrence, Lessig (2000), Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, New York, Basic Books.
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    8. Rolf H, Weber (2002), Regulatory Models for the Online World, Zürich, BRILL.
    9. Rolf H, Weber (2015), Realizing a New Global Cyberspace Framework Normative Foundations and Guiding Principles, Swizerland, springer.
    10. Verhulst, stefaan G. (2005), self- regulation and the internet, Kluwer law international.


    1. B) Articles
    2. Andrew T. Guzman & Timothy L. Meyer (2010), “International Soft Law”, Journal of Legal Analysis 2, pp. 171-225.
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    5. chedia, koka (2010), “models of internet regulation”, central european university, pp. 1-47.
    6. douglas. Michael (1995), “federal agency use of audited self-regulation as a regulatory technique”, administrative law review, Vol. 47, pp. 171-253.
    7. Epstein, Keith (1997), “enforcement of use limitations by internet services providers: how to stop that hacker, cracker, spammer, spoofer, flamer, bomber”, 9 Hastings comm/Ent L.J. Vol. 19, pp. 661-693
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    9. Goldsmith, Jack (1998), the internet and the abiding significance of territorial sovereignty, Chicago-Kent Law Reciew, Vol 73, pp. 475-491.
    10. Gunningham, N. & Rees. J, (1997), “Industry Self Regulation, An Institutional Perspective”, Law and Policy, Vol. 19, pp. 363-414.
    11. Hardy, Trotter (1994), “the proper legal regime for cyberspace”, 55 U. Pittsburgh. Law. Review, pp. 994-1053.
    12. Hornle, Julia (2002), “online dispute resolution in business to consumer E-commerce transactions”, journal of information, law and technology, Vol. 2, pp. 45-70.
    13. Jason kay (1995), “sexuality, live without a Net: Regulating Obscenity and Indecency on The Global Network”, 4S, Cal. Interdisciplinary L.J, pp. 355-387.
    14. Johnson, David R. & post, David G (1996), “law and borders: the rise of law in cyberspace”, 48 Stan. L. Rev, pp. 1367-1402.
    15. Kleinsteuber, Hans J, “Self-regulation, Co-regulation, State Regulation”, pp. 61-121.
    16. Kurbalija, Jovan (2004), “the classification of internet governance”, diplo foundation, pp. 2-26.
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    1. C) Internet References
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    References in Persian:

    1. A) Books
    2. Aqiqi, Negar (2016), jurisdiction in cuberspace from the perspective of international law, the shahre danesh institute of law research & study, tehran, first edition (In Persian).
    3. Kadkhodaei, Abbas-ali & vakil, amirsaed (2015), citizens rights on the internet, javdaneh-jungle publication, first edition (In Persian).
    4. Shams, irfan (2015). self-regulatory: the basis and models, khorsandi publications, tehran (In Persian).
    5. Zoe, baird & stefan, verhulst (2005), a new model for internet governance, internet governance: a grand collaboration, government information council secretariat (In Persian).


    1. B) Articles
    2. Edrisi, farhad & saffari dost, mojtaba (2015), “regulating the internet comparing with common law”, comparative law researches, winter, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 25-45 (In Persian).
    3. Khalafkhani, mahdi (2007), “digital oppourtunities in cyberspace and the issue of human rights”, the law and politics journal, Vol. 7, pp. 39-60 (In Persian).
    4. Zarei, mohammad hossein; Hassanvand, mohammad & soleimani, marzieh (2017), “regulatory governance as new governance”, the journal of public law research, Vol.1, issue: 1, pp. 124-147 (In Persian).
    5. Ziaeie, yaser & shakibnejad, ehsan (2017), “legislation in cyberspace from the prospect of international law and the iranian law”, international law review, Vol. 34, issue: 57, pp. 227-249 (In Persian).