Document Type : Article
Professor, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
Ph.D. in International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
International law is suffering from legitimacy crisis because of its legal basis, structure and law making institutions. This crisis has mainly happened because of global community problems and unique nature of international law. Evaluating legitimacy challenges of international law and its attempt for solving the problem and international issues is the main question of this study. Thus the main problem is about legitimacy and considering the legitimacy challenges by using analytical – descriptive method will indicate that legitimacy is completely related to its surrounding community. As the result, the best way for solving the legitimacy crisis of international law is getting back to the concepts like justice, peace and humanity which are chosen as values by the global community.
- A) Books
- Alvarez, José E. (2005), International Organizations as Law-makers, New York, Oxford University Press.
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- B) Articles
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- C) International Documents
- International Arbitrary, Island of Palmas Case (Netherlands, USA), Report of International Arbitral Awards, Vol. 2, 4 April 1928
- International Court of Justice, Arrest Warrant of 11 April 2000 (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Belgium), Judgment of 14 February 2002
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- International Court of Justice, Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, Advisory Opinion, 8 July 1996
- International Court of Justice, Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States of America), Judgment of 27 June 1986
- International Court of Justice, Obligations concerning Negotiations relating to Cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race and to Nuclear Disarmament (Marshall Islands V. United Kingdom), Judgment of 5 October 2016.
- International Court of Justice, Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay), Separate opinion of Judge Cançado Trindade, 20 April 2010
- United Nations General Assembly, Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order, A/RES/S-6/3201, 1 May 1974
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References in Persian
- A) Books
- Cassese, Antonio (1991), International Law in a Divided World, Translated by Morteza Klantarian, Tehran: CILA (In Persian).
- Chemillier-Gendreau, Monique (2003), Humanité et souverainetés Essai sur la fonction du droit international, Translated by Morteza Kalanterian, Tehran: Agah Publication (In Persian).
- Falsafi, Hedayatollah (2018), The course of reason in the international law system, Tehran: Farhang-e Nashr-e No (In Persian).
- Mosazadeh, Reza (2016), International Organizations Law, Tehran: Mizan (In Persian).
- Zamani, Seyed Ghasem (2013), International Organizations Law, Tehran: Shahr-e Danesh (In Persian).
- B) Articles
- Beygzadeh, Ibrahim (2015), “An Introduction on the rights of the seas”, in: Developments in the International Law of the Sea, Ganj-e Danesh, pp. 36 – 39 (In Persian).
- Buchanan, Allen (2014), “The Legitimacy of International Law”, Translated by Maryam Hajiarab, in: International Community & International Law in 21st Century, Seyed Ghasem Zamani (ed.), Tehran: Shahr-e Danesh, pp. 385 – 406 (In Persian).
- Falsafi, Hedayatollah (2001-2002), “Right, peace and human dignity: reflections on the concepts of legal rule, moral value and humanity”, International Law Review, No. 26 & 27, pp. 5 – 130 (In Persian).
- Shahbazi, Aramesh & Javadisharif, Khadijeh (2013), “The status of the powerless nation-states in contemporary international law”, Public Law Research, No. 39, pp. 35 – 60 (In Persian).
- Sharif, Mohammad (1999), “The common heritage of mankind and its definition as a rule”, Law and Politics, No. 1, pp. 135 – 181 (In Persian).