Document Type : Article
1 Prof Law Department of the Institute of Islamic Culture and Thought, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD Candidate of Public International law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Due to the complexity of the nature and manner of committing corruption-related crimes, mechanisms to combat these crimes also require special requirements. One of the most important of these mechanisms is the national anti-corruption institutions, which specialize in combating corruption and have been expanding in recent years. Based on the article with descriptive-analytical method and during a comparative advantage measurement, it can be claimed that the model of institutional unity is more compatible with the legal order of the Islamic Republic of Iran than institutional pluralism. Also, in designing the proposed single institution, the principles that have not been considered in the current anti-corruption institutions of the country should be considered. Among the most important of these principles is the immunity of the officials of the Anti-Corruption Institution, the independence of the institution in providing financial credits and its internal and external accountability.
- A) Books
- UNODC, (2020), Colombo Commentary On The Jakarta Statement OnPrinciples For Anti-Corruption Agencies, UNODC, Vienna.
- OECD (2013), Specialized Anti-Corruption Institutions: Review of Models, 2nd ed, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris.
- UNODC (2006), Legislative guide for the implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption, UNODC, Vienna.
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- C) Document
- Criminal law Convention on Corruption of the Council of Europe, 1999
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- United Nation Convention Against Corruption, (2003).
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- Jakarta Statement on Principles for Anti-Corruption Agencies, Jakarta, 26-27 November 2012, Available at: https://www.unodc.org/documents/ corruption/WG-Prevention/Art_6_Preventive _anti-corruption_bodies/ JAKARTA_STATEMENT_en.pdf
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- Report on the meeting of the Open-ended Intergovernmental Working Group on the Prevention of Corruption, CAC/COSP/WG.4/2014/2, para. 63
- Mauritius, Prevention of Corruption Act, 2002
- Constitution of Fiji, 2013, Available at: https://www.constituteproject.org/ constitution/Fiji_2013.pdf?lang=en
- Kuwait, Law No . 2 of 2016 on Establishing the Kuwait Anti-Corruption Authority and the Provisions on Disclosure of Assets and Liabilities, 2016
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- D) Websites
- Hong Kong Independent Commission against Corruption, “Checks and Balances, InternalMonitoring”. Available at:www.icac.org/hk.
- Resolution 51/59, 1997, General Assembly, Available at: https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/231078?ln=en
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References in Persian:
- A) Articles
- Amiri, Saleh & Mollakarimi, Omid (1400) ,"Challenges of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the criminalization of the title of Illicit Enrichment in the United Nations Anti-Corruption Convention", Tehran University Public Law Studies Quarterly, Vol.51, Winter (In Persian).
- B) Documents
- Regulations of the National Authority and Coordination Body of the United Nations Convention to Fight Corruption, 2013 (In Persian).
- The Law on the establishment of the General Inspection Organization of the country, 1360, Islamic Council (In Persian).
- Law of the Court of Audit, 1361, Islamic Council (In Persian).