Document Type : Article
Assistant Prof., Department of Law, Faculty of Social Sciences, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
The origin of Covid-19 is one of the most controversial issues and requires the identification of environmental aspects for international crimes. In this article, by analyzing the content of international documents and doctrine, the relationship between the Covid-19 pandemic and international criminal justice will be established that both of them are related to violations of fundamental human rights and systematic poverty and the international criminal justice, which criminalizes the actions of war criminals and compensates for their damaging consequences, must also address the underlying factors of the pandemic, that now it lacks the necessary capacity to achieve this important goal. Regarding the impact of Covid-19 on the process of transitional justice for victims of international crimes and widespread violations of human rights and humanitarian law, we also see that the efforts of the relevant governments are somewhat shaky and the implementation process has been slow and faced obstacles, which has raised serious concerns for human rights activists. In order to achieve international criminal justice, the initiative of the International Criminal Court during the outbreak of Covid-19 is worth considering, as the Court's efforts to fulfill its mission of combating the impunity of international crimes are becoming increasingly apparent.
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- B) Documents
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- Covid-19 symposium: Human Rights in the time of covid-19 front and center, in: Covid-19 and international law, opinion juris symposium, p. 126 at: http://opiniojuris.org/2020/04/06/covid-19-human-rights-in-the-time-of-covid-19-front-and-centre (visited 10 February 2022).
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- Guidelines for the Judiciary concerning the holding of Court hearings during the COVID-19 pandemic (‘Guidelines’), 23 June 2020, available online at https://www.icc-cpi.int/Pages/item. aspx? name¼200623-guidelines-for-court-proceedings-covid-19 (visited 10 February 2022).
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- Proposed Programme Budget for 2021 of the International Criminal Court, ICC-ASP/19/10/AV, 7 August 2020, available online at https://asp.icc-cpi.int/iccdocs/asp_docs/ASP19/ICC-ASP-19- 10-ENG-PPB-2021-07Aug10-1550.pdf (visited 10 February 2022).
- The African Union, Policy Paper: COVID-19, Transitional Justice and Victims’ Experiences in Africa, June 2020.
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- UN Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner (OHCHR), ‘COVID-19: ‘‘No Excuse for Impunity for Those Convicted of Crimes against Humanity’’ – UN Expert on Transitional Justice’, April 2020, available online at https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID¼ 25840&LangID¼E (visited 10 February 2022).
- UNEP, ‘Six Nature Facts Related to Coronaviruses’, April 2020, available online at https:// www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/six-nature-facts-related-coronaviruses(visited 10 February 2022)
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