Document Type : Article


1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran

3 Public law P.h.d, Public Law Group, Faculty of Law, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran



Concerns about the detrimental effects of money on elections and the diversion of the electoral process to the benefit of the wealthy and exclusion of meritorious from the electoral system have prompted various legal systems to resolve this problem or minimize its effects. But limiting election spending can also be a prelude to challenges such as the restriction of freedom. Therefore, the election finance system should be formulated in such a way that while freedoms are protected, the uneven influence of money on the elections is restrained. This article attempts to identify the relationship between election finance and concept of freedom, including freedom of expression, by applying the principles of electoral taxation and examining the fundamentals of electoral spending reductions. The equalization of election campaign spending amounts to emphasizing a strategy, not solely based on numerical equality and a form of electoral expenditure, but on the basis of substantive equality between candidates in the field.


  1. English

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    1. C) Judgements
    2. US Supreme Court (1976), Buckley v. Valeo.
    3. US Supreme Court (1978), First Nat'l Bank of Boston v. Bellotti.
    4. US Supreme Court (2003), McConnell v. Federal Election Commission.


    1. D) Websites


    References in Persian:

    1. A) Books
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    1. B) Article
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    1. C) Documets
    2. World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, 1993 – OHCHR (In Persian).