Document Type : Article
1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, College of Farabi, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran
3 Public law P.h.d, Public Law Group, Faculty of Law, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran
Concerns about the detrimental effects of money infiltration on the election and the diversion of the election to the benefit of the wealth and exclusion of merits to enter the electoral system have prompted legal systems to resolve the dilemma or minimize these concerns. But limiting election spending can also be a prelude to challenges such as the restriction of freedom. Therefore, the election finance system should be formulated so that both freedoms can be protected, and ban the Uneven influence of money into the elections and the disruption of equality. This article attempts to identify the election finance relationship with the freedoms category (including freedom of expression) by applying the principles of electoral taxation and considering the fundamentals of electoral spending reductions, and with regard to the challenges ahead. The equalization of election campaign spending amounts to emphasizing a strategy (not solely based on numerical equality and a form of electoral expenditure) but on the basis of substantive equality between candidates in the field.
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