Document Type : Article
Associate Professor of International Law, Law Department, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
University Lecturer, Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr Branch, Isfahan, Iran
The deliberate use of biological agents as a weapon in terrorist activities is called bioterrorism. Bioterrorism, directly targets human rights, endangers global health and security and terrible threat to humanity. The purpose of this article, which is done with a descriptive-analytical method, is to introduce Bioterrorism, definition of biological weapons, and state that, these weapons according to their characteristics and effects on living things and the environment are part of mass destruction weapons. Also, classification, ways to fight and legal approach to legalization of these weapons in international law have been explained. Because, one of the main concerns of authorities and international organizations is to ensure global health and security and the purpose of international law is to control and prohibit the use of such weapons. But many of the solutions offered by these organizations have not been successful.
- A) Books
- Bentley, Michelle (2014), Weapons of Mass Destruction and US Foreign Policy: The Strategic Use of a Concept, Routledge
- British Medical Association (1999), Biotechnology, Weapons and Humanity. London: Harwood academic publisher.
- B) Articles
- Syra, S, Madad (2014), "An Emerging Global Health Threat". Journal of Bioterrorism and Biodefense, Vol..5, pp.1-6.
- C) Instruments
- Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction, 10 April 1972.
- Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, Paris 13 January 1993.
- Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or other Gases and of Bacteriological Method of Warfare, Geneva, 17 June 1925
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