Document Type : Article


1 PhD student in public law, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Public Law, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of law, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

5 Associate Professor, Department of law, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


Since the conclusion of the Peace of Westphalia, in the political literature, three essential indicators of "country", "nation" and "state" have emerged in the definition of "nation-state"; The pillars from which all existing systems originate and the basis of political identifications in the world today are realized based on it. But with the spread of technological advances, which is referred to as the "Fourth Industrial Revolution" and is taking steps to blur the border between the physical and cyber worlds, practically all three indicators are facing serious risks. Now the existing research with the descriptive-analytical method and library method aims to introduce the various dimensions of these developments, first enumerate the risks related to the mentioned indicators, and then answer the question of what will be the fate of the nation-state in this era? Based on the results of this research, it is predicted that due to the development of "digital economy","2D and 3D Internet" and " Office automation”, the current form of the accepted indicators of the nation-state will become unjustified, especially from the perspective of their physical appearance. The future of the realization of "cyber governments" is based on the " Hybrid world"(physical-cyber). The influential political class also fits the cyber-physical structure.


Main Subjects

  1. English

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    3. Landes, D. S. (1969). The Unbound Prometheus: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present. New York: Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge.
    4. Poole, D., Mackworth, A., & Goebel, R. (1998). Computational Intelligence: A Logical Approach. UK: Oxford University Press.


    1. B) Article
    2. Bai, C., Dallasega, P., Orzes, G., & Sarkis, J. (2020) Industry 4.0 technologies assessment: A sustainability perspective. International Journal of Production Economics, (229), 1-22.
    3. Chrpa, L., Gemrot, J., & Pilat, M. (2021). Planning and acting in non-deterministic domains: conditional planning, execution monitoring, replanning and continuous planning. Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence, 34 (06), 34-53.
    4. Janis, M. W. (1996). The New Oppenheim and its Theory of International Law, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 16(2), 329–336.
    5. Mottaghi, S. M., Mottaghi, S. S. (2020). Security risks of forming Salafi government of the "Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. in the era of the fourth industrial revolution” 2nd International Conference on Humanities, Law, Social studies and Psychology, Izmir, Turkey, 38-61.
    6. Robertson, Adi, Peters, Jay. "What is the metaverse, and do I have to care?" (2021)
    7. S Department of Commerce, First report of the digital economy board of advisors, December 2016


    References In Persian:

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    1. B) Articles
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