1 Associate Professor, Law Department, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 LLM in Criminal Law and Criminology, Iran


Due to the phenomenon of globalization and its consequences, new opportunities have been created for the offenders and new forms of crime have been emerged which, in turn are considered as threats to peace, security, stability, sustainable development of human society and the rule of law. Also, increasing regional co-operations among states and companies and other institutions, are making crimes and their effects transnational, particularly in organized and economic crimes. For this reason, the international society and its various institutions, feeling insecure, have reacted in different ways. An international approach has been taken towards national crimes. National crimes, gradually and in an increasing manner, are becoming international crimes whose control requires international cooperation. In this line of argument, and considering the common approach taken by international community, the subject of combating corruption considered as international responsibility, came into the agenda of the United Nations in 1975 when the General Assembly adopted a resolution on the subject. Finally, the issue of adoption of an independent binding convention against corruption was raised in 2000 in the GA Resolution 55.61. As the first steps, an expert committee and a secretariat and office of crime prevention and control of narcotic drugs, were established at the UN Organization which in turn led to the adoption in 31 October 2003 by the UN of the Convention against Corruption (Merida). The Convention was signed by the Islamic Republic of Iran on 10 November, 2003 and in October 2005 a bill on the accession of the country to the Convention submitted to the Iranian Parliament, Majlis. Due to the objections raised by the Guardianship Council, its final ratification was done by the Expediency Council in accordance with Principle 112 of the Constitution on 23 September 2008. Now, taking into account the Iranian membership of the Convention, a comparative analysis of the obligations arising from the Convention with those of the Iranian criminal system, seems necessary. Although there is no fundamental conflict between the Iranian and the Convention provisions and since Iran is obliged to comply with the objectives of the Convention, some amendments to the national laws are required.


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