1 Associate Professor, Law Department, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 PhD Student of International Law, University of Nantes, France


History of the development of International Space Law demonstrates that when the five major Space treaties were concluded, Issues such as peaceful use of Space and State responsibility for Space activities were predominant topics while protection of the Space environment was considered merely as a marginal issue. However, States have nowadays come to the conclusion that protection of Space is essential for sustainable Space activities. Any exploration and use of Space as well as any development and advancement achieved by Space technology, must be in an equitable manner free from excessiveness. In addition, the fact that future generations, too, have the right to enjoy the Space Environment should be taken into consideration. Use of Space by current generation should not cause unrepairable damage to the Space Environment making its use impossible. To efficiently prevent pollution arising from space debris and of nuclear power sources in Outer Space, different strategies including creation of a framework convention together with additional protocols, resort to environmental principles such as sustainable development and finally establishment of an International Space Agency, must be taken into account.


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