1 Assistant Professor, Hazrate Masoumeh University, Qom, Iran

2 PhD Student in Public International Law, Tehran University. Iran


Technology progress in 21st century has led to invention of flying war crafts that Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (hereinafter UAVs or drones) are a clear example. Regarding the fact that such War crafts have created challenges in the context of international Humanitarian Law (hereinafter IHL), independent legal assessment on the issue seems necessary. It is necessary to study and get familiar with challenges in deploying such war crafts in armed conflicts. This paper, studies existing ambiguities and challenges in deploying such technologies in armed conflicts, and assesses the function of UAVs in armed conflict under IHL's fundamental principles like principle of Distinction, Proportionality and precautionary principle in conducting attacks.


  1. الف) فارسی

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    ب) انگلیسی

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    C. Reports

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    D. Documents

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    10. Contemplating the Legitimacy of Using Drones in Armed Conflict under International Humanitarian Law

    1. 11.  
    2. Unveiling the progress of technology in the 21st century has resulted to unveiling another form of bird military weapons that Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (hereinafter UAVs or drones) are a clear example. Owing to the fact that manipulating this type of airborne system has generated to considerable controversies from the perspective of international Humanitarian Law (hereinafter IHL), independent legal assessment of the issue seems necessary. Before investigating this issue, it is essential to be familiar with this system and explore those challenges arising from their employment in armed conflicts. The present paper, through proposing the existing ambiguities and challenges emerging from employing these systems in armed conflicts, is attemptingto assess the performance of UAVs in armed conflict under IHL's basic regulations as principles of Distinction, Proportionality and taking precautions in attack.
    3. Key Words: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, International Humanitarian Law, Distinction Principle, Proportionality Principle, Precautionary Principle.

    E. Website