Ph.D. in International Relations, Azad University, Isfahan Branch, Isfahan, Iran
Associate Prof., Faculty of Administrative Sciences and Economic, Department of Law, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
Today using of cyberspace for rapid and effective achievement of strategic goals has become a new significant warfare tool for all actors. For this reason, the distributive and interactive nature of cyberspace together with low costs of accountability has increased the effective function of attacks in the cyberspace. Moreover, anonymity in this space has facilitated rapid operations in a wide geography which in turn leads to attacks, destructions and crimes in this environment. These cause violation of territorial integrity and national security of States. In absence of effective rules and provisions has left the issue of international responsibility for these crimes and their legal prosecution in a vague situation. This article deals first with the definition of cyberspace and emphasizes upon the fact that though in circumstances as stand now, resort to cyber-attacks is considered as use of force in international law, nevertheless identification of their legal area faces many obstacles in different circumstances including in the law of war, resort to force and self-defense making the entering into this issue of international law difficult.
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