Document Type : Article
PhD Student in Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, Theology and Political Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Professor, Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, Theology and Political Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Since the cyberspace has changed the concept of national sovereignty and political independence of countries, the international community is obliged to react against it and to protect cyber sovereignty. Thus, within the framework of the principles and rules of international law, the international community has foreseen the jurisdiction of the judiciary in accordance with the provisions of international criminal law at odds with violations of cyber sovereignty and ancillary jurisdiction has been acted with regard to governance considerations. At the first step, Tallinn's talks expanded the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court by explaining cyber-aggression as a violation of international cyber peace and security and the need to pay attention to the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of countries (national sovereignty). The enhancement of the authority of this institution in accordance with customary international law in line with international criminal policy (countering to impunity) is done in order to maintain and restore international cyber peace and security.
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