Document Type : Article
PhD Student in Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, Theology and Political Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Professor, Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, Theology and Political Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Since the cyberspace has changed the concept of national sovereignty and political independence of states, the international community is obliged to react to it and protect cyber sovereignty. Thus, within the framework of international law, the international community has foreseen the national jurisdiction to prosecute violations of cyber sovereignty in accordance with international criminal law as well as ancillary jurisdiction with due regard to governance considerations. At the first step the Tallinn's talks expanded the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court by defining cyber-aggression as a violation of international peace and security and the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of states (national sovereignty). The enhancement of the authority of this institution in accordance with customary international law in line with international criminal policy of countering impunity is done in order to maintain and restore international cyber peace and security.
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