Document Type : Article


1 Ph.D. Student in Public law, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Assistant Prof., Department of Jurisprudence and Principles of Islamic Law, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

3 Assistant Prof of Public Law, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran


Public opinion is one of the tools through which public oversight of the state is exercised.  Public oversight of the state, in turn, is one of the most important mechanisms for guaranteeing citizens’ rights and maintaining the stability of the state. Public opinion can turn into civil disobedience if it is truly formed and ignored by the state. Citizens' enjoyment of social freedoms, the form of government, the manner by which state authorities are elected, are among the factors influencing the formation and influence of public opinion as one of the most important elements of power control in any country. Explaining the role of public opinion in controlling state power, this research examines how public opinion is formed and how it exerts influence. The paper will also study the exercise of supervisory power by public opinion from the perspective of public law.


  1. English

    1. A) Books
    2. O'Byrne, Darren J (2013), Human Rights: An Introduction, Nowyork: Routledge.
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    References in Persian:

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    2. Abbasi, Bijan & Ebadi Bashir, Maghsoud (2018), "Legal basis of party subsidies", Public Law Studies Quarterly, No.1, pp. 27-50 (In Persian).
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    1. C) Theses
    2. Kamrani, Alireza (2001), Public oversight and its relationship to public freedoms, Master Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch (In Persian).
    3. Mazinani, Mohammad Mehdi (2011), The role of media on the uncle's thoughts of Iranian society, Master Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch (In Persian).
    4. Rashvand, Ali Akbar (2002), Comparison of factors affecting the sensitivity of public opinion to social issues in urban and rural areas of Qazvin province, Master Thesis, Qazvin College, Department of Social Sciences (In Persian).
    5. Sohrabzadeh, Abbas (2015), The Impact of New Media on the Construction of Political Power in Iran in the 1980s, Ph.D. Thesis, allameh tabataba'i university (In Persian).
    6. Tolo, Zakia (2014), The Impact of Online Social Networks on Public Diplomacy and Its Reflection in Politics Case Study of the United States, Master Thesis, university of Isfahan, Department of International Relations (In Persian).


    1. D) Websites
    2. Saei, Mansour (2012), "Public Opinion", /post/122/%D9%86% (In Persian).