Document Type : Article


1 Associate Prof, Department Of Public Law, Faculty Of Law And Political Science, University Of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D.Student In Public Law, Faculty Of Law And Political Science, University Of Tehran, Tehran, Iran



Nowadays It is common and obvious to consider responsibility against the public officials and prosecute them due to authorities and jurisdictions which they possess which is applicable according to its various aims and effects in different ways by the relevant institutions. Political prosecution and hearing is considered as a special and also effective mechanism and sanction to prosecute officials and exercise responsibility against them which is used along with the other mechanism such as warning, questioning, interpellation, government censuring and judicial and administrative proceeding. In this research, by a descriptive_ analytic approach, the nature. History and function of political judgment as a monitoring mechanism against some high officials in the presidential system and the president in the republic parliamentary system has been deliberated and compared with other supervisory mechanism has been described. Political judgment is a process of investigation and hearing about some crimes and infractions committed by some high officials which will be done by a political unit and results in a political verdict.


  1.  English

    1. A) Books
    2. GARVEY (T), COLE (2015), Impeachment and removal, Washington dc, Congressional research service


    1. B) Articles
    2. SIMSON CAIRD (2016), “Impeachment”, House of commons library, Number CBP7612.


    References in Persian:

    1. A) Books
    2. Abbasi Lahiji, Bizhan, (2018), Comparative constitutional law, Tehran, Dadgostar publication (In Persian).
    3. Bushahri, Jafar, (1998), Comparative constitutional law, Tehran, Katibeh publication (In Persian).
    4. Elliott, Katherine and Vernon Katherine, (2004), Legal system of France, translated by Beygzadeh, Safar, Tehran, the center of parliamentary research publication (In Persian).
    5. Foroqi, Mohammadali, (2004), constitutional law: Rules of constitutionality of states, Tehran, Kavir publication (In Persian).
    6. Herissinejad, Kamal-al-din, (2017), Comparative constitutional law, Tabriz, Aydin publication (In Persian).
    7. Jafari nodoshan, Aliakbar, (2005), Separation of power in the legal system of Iran, France and USA, Tehran, Islamic revolution documents center publication (In Persian).
    8. Montesquieu Charles-louis, (1984), The spirit of law, translated by Mohtadi, Aliakbar, Tehran, Amirkabir publication (In Persian).
    9. Maurois, Andre, (1967), The history of England, Translated by Masoudi, Majid, Tehran, Gotenberg publication (In Persian).
    10. Maurois, Andre, (1962), The history of USA, translated by Moezzi, Najafqoli, Tehran, Tabesh publication (In Persian).
    11. Naqibzadeh, Ahmad, (2009), Politics and government in Europe, Tehran, Samt publication (In Persian).
    12. Qasemzadeh, Qasem and Gorji Azandariani, Aliakbar, (2012), Constitutional law, Tehran, Jangal publication (In Persian).
    13. Qazi Shariatpanahi, Aboulfazl, (2005), Constitutional law and Political institutions, Tehran, Mizan publication (In Persian).
    14. Qazi Shariatpanahi, Aboulfazl, Pamphlet of Comparative constitutional law, University of Tehran, Faculty of law (In Persian).
    15. Tunc, Andre, (1991), The law of the USA, translated by Safaei, Hosien, Tehran, University of Tehran publication (In Persian).
    16. Zerang, Mohammad, (2006), Annals of constitution in Iran, France and USA, Tehran, Islamic revolution documents center publication (In Persian).


    1. B) Articles
    2. Tavassoli naeini, Manouchehr, (2007), ((occupational impunity in legal system of Iran)), constitutional law journal, n6, y4 (In Persian).