Document Type : Article


1 PhD student in Public International Law, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Law Faculty of Law and Political Science, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Law, Faculty of Humanities, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran



The "Principle of Universal Jurisdiction," applied in international criminal law for many years, can complement the realization of international justice as an important mechanism since, in addition to complementing the jurisdiction of international criminal courts, it guarantees the widest range of jurisdiction for national courts to deal with important international crimes including genocide, and anti-humanity and war crimes, and it prosecutes defendants adducing that these crimes harm international public order. Three essential steps are needed to implement this principle: the existence of a specific context for universal jurisdiction, a clear definition of crime and its elements, and national law enforcement procedures that allow national judicial authorities to exercise jurisdiction over these crimes. Therefore, national courts can exercise universal jurisdiction only when the government has enacted regulation and authorized its application. Given this grave principle, the main question in the present study is "How can Iranian courts reach universal jurisdiction, and what kind of global powers does Iran believe in? The answer can be found in the general laws (Articles (3) to (9) I.C.L) and special regulations such as the "Bill on International Crimes." The current study applies a descriptive-analytical approach to investigate the principle of universal jurisdiction, the Islamic Penal Code, and other relevant regulations to clarify the universal jurisdiction of the Iranian courts regarding international criminal law.


Main Subjects

  1. English

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    1. B) Articles
    2. 17. Alfadhel, K. A.,(2017). M. Cherif Bassiouni. Chronicles of the Egyptian Revolution and its Aftermath: 2011-2016, Asian Affairs, 48:2, 359-361.
    3. Broomhall, B. (2001). Toward U.S. Acceptance of the International Criminal Court, 64 Law and Contemporary Problems 141-151, Available at:
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    5. Geneuss, J (2009). Fostering a Better Understanding of Universal Jurisdiction. 7 JICJ, 945.
    6. Liesbeth Zegveld and Jeff Handmaker,(2012). Universal Jurisdiction:State of Affairs and Ways Ahead - A policy paper, Leiden University School of Law and the ICCO Foundation, ISSN 0921-0210.
    7. Reydams, L. (2005). Belgium Reneges on Universality: The 5 August 2003 Act on Grave Breaches of International Humanitarian Law, I J. INT'L CRIM. JUST. 679, 679 (2003); DamienVandermeerseh, Prosecuting International Crimes in Belgium, 3 J. INT'L CRIM. JUST. 400, 401.
    8. Roger, O' K. (2004). Universal Jurisdiction: Clarifying the Basic Concept', is a particulary powerful argument to this effect. Journal of International Criminal Justice 2, 735–760; See also Thomas Weigend, Grund und Grenzen Universalter Gerichtsbrarkeit, in Jorg Arnold et al.
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    1. C) Document & Report
    3. Statement by H.E. Mr. Abbas Bagherpour Ardekani Representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran, (11 October 2017), The Sixth Committee of the 72®^ Session of the United Nations General Assembly On: "The scope and application of the principle of universal jurisdiction", (Agenda Item 85), New York.


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