نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین‌الملل دانشکدۀ الهیات و معارف اسلامی، واحد نجف آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف آباد، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه حقوق، واحد نجف آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف آباد، ایران

چکیده

عبارت «وجدان انسانی» در برخی از اسناد بین‌المللی به‌کار رفته است. این عبارت با بار معنایی خاص خود در صدد پر کردن خلأهای حقوقی در منابع حقوق بین‌المللی است و تلاش کرده است تا به‌عنوان معیاری برای ارزیابی قواعد نظام حقوقی بین‌المللی قرار گیرد. از این رهگذر تحولات انسان‌دوستانۀ عارض‌شده بر حقوق بین‌المللی، قابل درک است. آنچه در این پژوهش مطمح نظر قرار گرفت، توجه به کاربردهای مفهوم «وجدان انسانی» در تبیین معناشناختی آن بود و منظور از این تحقیق، یافتن جایگاه این مفهوم در منابع حقوق بین‌المللی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Semantics of conscience of humanity in international instruments

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Aghayan Hosaini 1
  • Masoud Raei Dehaghi 2

1 PhD Candidate in International Law, Faculty of Law,Theology and Islamic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch, Esfahan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Law and Theology Department, Faculty of Law, Theology and Islamic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch, Esfahan, Iran

چکیده [English]

The Phrase “Conscience of Humanity” has been used in some international instruments. This phrase, with its own special meaning, is intended to fill the legal gaps in international law and has worked as a criterion for assessing the rules of the international legal system. Thereby humanitarian developments in international law, is understandable. The focus of this research is the applications of the concept of "Conscience of humanity" in international instruments in its semantic representation with the purpose of finding the place of the above mentioned concept within the sources of international law.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • conscience of humanity
  • International Instruments
  • legal gaps
  • semantics
  • Sources of International Law

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International Documents:

Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949

Two Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions 1977

Convention on Prohibition or Restriction on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects, Oct. 10, 1980

Statute of International Criminal Court Adopted at 1998

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 16 December 1966. Article 5

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The Advisory opinion of International Court of Justice on (ICJ) Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons. On 8 July 1996

Corfu Channel case (UK v. ALB) (Merits), 1949 ICJ Rep. 4, 22 (Apr. 9)

Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States of America), Jurisdiction and Admissibility, 1984 ICJ REP. 392 June 27, 1986.

Advisory Opinion concerning reservations to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of 28 May 1951

Advisory Opinion concerning reservations to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of 28 May 1951

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Prosecutor v. Furundžija, Judgement, No. IT–95–17/1–T, para. 137 (Dec. 10, 1998).

Prosecutor v. Martić, Review of the Indictment Pursuant to Rule 61, No. IT–95–11–R61, paras. 12-13 (Mar. 13, 1996).