نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق عمومی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

احزاب سیاسی در نظام‌های مردم‌سالار معاصر از نهادهای اساسی‌اند که کارویژه‌های متعددی چون انتقال مطالبات مردم به حکومت، متشکل‌کردن افکار پراکنده، معرفی نامزدهای انتخاباتی و تدوین برنامۀ حرکت آیندۀ حکومت را بر عهده دارند. در دهه‌های اخیر به دلیل بی‌رغبتی مردم به عضویت حزبی و کمک به این نهاد، منابع مالی آن‌ها به شدت کاهش یافته است. تأمین مالی احزاب از منابع دولتی به‌منزلۀ بدیل یا جایگزین معرفی شده است، اما این امر مخالفان سرسختی دارد. مقالۀ حاضر ضمن معرفی برنامه‌های مستقیم و غیرمستقیم تأمین عمومی احزاب و بیان نظرهای موافق و مخالف به شیوۀ توصیفی و تحلیلی ضرورت و مبانی حقوقی تأمین عمومی احزاب را بررسی کرده است. یافته‌ها حاکی از آن است که حمایت و حراست از حقوق بشر، مشروعیت حکومت و کارآمدی آن مستلزم کمک دولتی به احزاب است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Legal basis of party subsidies

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bizhan Abbasi 1
  • Maghsud Ebadibashir 2

1 Associate Professor, Public and International Law Department, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. Candidate in Public Law, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Political parties in current democracies are considered as the fundamental institutions which have various functions such as expressing the will of citizens, forming awareness, introducing the election candidates and providing the government’s future plans. In recent decades, due to the reluctance among people for joining political parties, their financial resources have decreased. Therefore financing parties from state resources has been put forward as an alternative but such idea has faced oppositions. This article introduces the direct and indirect general financing programs of political parties and also examines opponents and adherents views in descriptive and analytical manner as well as the necessity of parties’ financing. The finding of this contribution indicates that protection and safeguarding of human rights, legitimacy and effectiveness of the government, depends on state aids to the parties.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • corruption
  • Democracy
  • party subsidies
  • political parties
  • state aid

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