نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، دانشکدۀ حقوق، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دورۀ دکتری، دانشکدۀ حقوق، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

یکی از اشکال مشارکت سازمان‌های غیردولتی در دادرسی‌های بین‌‌المللی، حضور در قالب تأسیس‌‌‌‌ حقوقی «دوست دادگاه» است. آن‌ها از طریق این نهاد حقوقی می‌‌توانند، اظهارات خود درخصوص وقایع و قواعد حاکم بر دعوی را به صورت مکتوب یا شفاهی به دادگاه تقدیم کنند. اما واکنش مراجع قضایی و شبه‌قضایی بین‌‌المللی نسبت بدین شیوۀ مشارکت یکسان نبوده است. در این میان رویکرد دادگاه بین‌‌المللی حقوق دریاها بر خلاف دیوان بین‌‌المللی دادگستری که از پذیرش لایحۀ دوستان دادگاه از سوی سازمان‌های غیردولتی اجتناب کرده، اندکی منعطف بوده است. به همین جهت پژوهش پیش‌روی بر آن است تا جهات انعطاف در رویۀ قضایی دادگاه بین‌‌المللی حقوق دریاها را در پرتو قضایای اخیر مطرح‌شده در آن نهاد نشان دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Intervention of Non-governmental Organizations as a "Friend of the Court" in the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hossein Ramazani Ghavamabadi 1
  • Hiwa Hajimolla 2

1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph. D. student in International Law, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

One of the means of participation for international non-governmental organizations in international proceedings is their intervention as a "Friend of the Court". Through this legal institution, these organizations can present their remarks, in writing or by oral address, on the facts and the laws governing the claim to the court. While International judicial and quasi-judicial authorities have reacted differently, unlike the International Court of Justice who have refused to accept the remarks of Friends of the Court, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea has taken a flexible approach towards this institution. The current paper this aims at presenting the flexibilities in judicial procedures of the International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea in light of its recent precedent.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • NGOs
  • friends of the court
  • International Court of Justice
  • International Tribunal of the Law of the Sea
  • International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
  • Green peace

الف) فارسی

1. رمضانی قوام‌آبادی، محمدحسین (1387). «حضور سازمان‌های غیردولتی در پیشگاه مراجع قضایی بین‌‌المللی»، فصل‌نامۀ حقوق، مجلۀ دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، شمارۀ 2.

 

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28. U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

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