نویسنده

دانش‌آموختۀ دکتری حقوق بین‌الملل، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

با ظهور رژیم حقوقی اتحادیۀ اروپا در دهۀ پنجاه میلادی و پیشرفت‌های روزافزون این نهاد منطقه‌ای در عرصۀ بین‌المللی، برخی صاحب‌نظران در این اندیشه‌اند که آیا ویژگی‌های منحصر‌به‌فرد این سازمان بین‌الدولی قابل انتقال به عرصۀ نظم حقوقی بین‌الملل است؟ در گسترۀ حقوق بین‌الملل که با ویژگی‌هایی چون رضایت و فقدان سلسله‌مراتب میان تابعان و منابع حقوقی شناخته می‌شود، وجود خرده‌نظامی چون اتحادیۀ اروپا که منبعث از ویژگی‌های ذاتی حقوق بین‌الملل است، در نوع خود بدیع است. گاهی چنین ادعا شده است که وجود رژیم‌های خودبسنده و خاصی چون اتحادیۀ اروپا، سازمان جهانی تجارت و رژیم‌های حقوقی حاکم بر معاهدات حقوق بشری نمونه‌ای از حرکت حقوق بین‌الملل به سوی چندپارگی و از‌دست‌رفتن انسجام و وحدت نظم حقوقی بین‌المللی است. ضمن اینکه این گسترش و تنوع در ادارۀ نظم‌های حقوقی به تعبیری موجب زایندگی و پیشرفت حقوق بین‌الملل خواهد شد و وحدت نظم حقوقی بین‌الملل را در عین کثرت موازین حاکم بر رژیم‌های خاص تضمین می‌کند. از این رو، در نوشتار حاضر با تمرکز بر بررسی ویژگی‌های رژیم خاص حقوقی اتحادیه در گسترۀ حقوق بین‌الملل عام به دنبال این هستیم که آثار احتمالی خاص‌بودن این نظم حقوقی در عرصۀ حقوق بین‌الملل را تعیین کنیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The EU as a Special Regime: Features and Effects

نویسنده [English]

  • Abdollah Abedini

PhD in International Law, Faculty of law and Political Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Establishing the European Union which goes back to 1950s and its success in achieving valuable goals puts forward this question that whether those successes can transfer to international legal order. In fact, advent of some regimes gradually in international legal order has led to so-called phenomenon of special or self-contained regimes. One of the best and prominent instances in this regard is the European Union. This regional organization has constituted effective norms and mechanism under which any invocation to general international law is on the wide extent limited. This paper is seeking to draw the characterization of EU legal order itself as a legal system and as a special regime in international law. In this respect, analysis of latter particular effect in the context of general international law will be present.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • General international law- Legal order- European Union- Special regime- European Court of Justice

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