نویسندگان

1 استاد، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد حقوق بشر، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

حق بر شادکامی از جمله حقوق طبیعی انسان است. از آنجا بخش مهمی از حق بر سعادت، شادکامی و کمال انسان زمانی محقق می‌شود که فرد از تمامیت و سلامت قوای جسمی و روحی لازم برخوردار باشد، بنابراین حقوق طبیعی هیچ‌کس نمی‌تواند نادیده انگاشته یا منبع و منشأ آن معدوم شود. بیان بالا فرضیۀ اصلی نوشتار حاضر است. از این جهت مفروض ما این خواهد بود که حقوق طبیعی هر انسانی بنیان طبیعی سعادت و شادکامی او را فراهم آورده است و خلل در این حقوق از طریق تجاوز به حقوق او یا سد موقت استفاده از آن یا ایجاد آسیب دائمی به منبع تغذیۀ آن که درون آدمی به شکل قوانین طبعی، فطری و غریزی وجود دارد، منجر به لزوم جبران مضاعف می‌شود. در برخی شرایط چون وضعیت اخیر، دولت به نمایندگی از جامعه باید از طریق تبعیض مثبت به تدارک مادام‌العمر ضرر در حقوق طبیعی قربانی بپردازد. درنظرگرفتن این امتیاز خاص برای آنان که به خاطر سعادت عمومی ایثار کرده‌اند از دو طریق حقوق بشر و حقوق شهروندی قابل اثبات است. این مقاله با محوریت مجاهدان و ایثارگران در جنگ ایران-عراق تدوین شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Right to Happiness in Compensation of the Natural Rights of Veterans and Devotees

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Javad Javid 1
  • Saman Niknejad 2

1 Prof., Department of Public & International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 MA. in Human Rights Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The right to happiness is one of the natural rights of man. Since an important part of the right to happiness and perfection of man is realized when a person has the physical and mental health, therefore, the natural rights of no one can be ignored or the origin of it is eliminated. What has been mentioned is the hypothesis of this article. Therefore, our hypothesis is that the natural rights of every human being provide the natural foundation of his happiness and the violation of these rights through the violation of his rights or the temporary barrier to using it or causing permanent harm to its source that exists inside the human being in the form of natural and instinctive laws leads to the need for double compensation. In some situations such as the recent one, government on behalf of the community must compensate for the loss of the natural right of the victim through positive discrimination in the long term. Given the special privileges for those who have sacrificed themselves for the sake of bliss, can be proven in two ways: human rights and citizenship rights. This article focused on veterans and devotees in the Iran-Iraq war.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Devotion
  • Iran
  • War
  • natural rights
  • Happiness
  • Pleasure

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