دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

شناسنامه علمی شماره

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد رشتة حقوق تجارت بین‌الملل، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

فیلترینگ اینترنت در آمریکا در واقع حذف یا مسدود کردن دسترسی به اطلاعات منتشرشده یا قابل مشاهده از طریق اینترنت داخل خاک این کشور است. حمایت شدید از آزادی بیان و عقیده در مقابل فیلترینگ، ریشه در اصلاحیة اول قانون اساسی این کشور دارد. این حمایت‌ها به محیط اینترنت نیز گسترش یافته و در نتیجه کشور قوانین کمتری را برای محدود کردن دسترسی افراد به محتوای موجود در اینترنت وضع کرده است. با وجود این اینترنت در ایالات متحده به‌شدت قواعدگذاری شده و از طریق مکانیسم‌های مختلفی اداره می‌شود. بعد از دو دهه بحث و بررسی در مورد قانونگذاری محتوای اینترنتی، کشور هنوز از دستیابی به اتفاق نظر حقوقی در مورد محدودیت‌های آزادی بیان و کنترل فعالیت‌های غیرقانونی در فضای اینترنتی به دور است. با وجود این مهم‌ترین موارد حمایت‌شده مربوط به پورنوگرافی کودکان، قماربازی و حمایت از مالکیت‌های فکری و امنیت فضای مجازی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Legal System of Internet Filtering in the United States

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeed Rostamalizadeh 1
  • Hamed Haji Molla Mirzaie 2

1 MA in International Trade Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Prof., Faculty of Management, University of Tehran- Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Internet filtering in the United States means the removal or blocking of access to contents shared or seen through the internet within the United States territory. The rigid protection of freedom of opinion and expression against filtering has a root in the First Amendment of the United States Constitution. These protections expanded to the cyber realm; hence the country could not have passed much regulation in order to limit individual’s access to internet contents. However, the United States has an intricate set of mechanisms to regulate the internet and cyberspace.Following two decades of conflicting discussions over cyberspace regulation in the United States, the country couldn’t have achieve legal accord on the admissible limits of freedom of expression and regulating unlawful activities on the internet. Nevertheless, child pornography, gambling, protection of intellectual properties and cyber security are the most important protected issues in the U.S.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Internet
  • United States of America
  • Child Pornography
  • censorship
  • Laws and regulations
انگلیسی
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