دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دورۀ دکتری رشتۀ حقوق بین‌الملل عمومی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

صلاحیت موضوعی دیوان کیفری بین‌المللی شامل چهار جرم عمده است و تحت مقررات حاضر اساسنامه، جرم قاچاق مواد مخدر در زمرۀ موارد مصرحه قرار ندارد. دیوان کیفری بین‌المللی نیز دادگاهی با صلاحیت عام نیست و تنها می‌تواند به‌طور حصری بر چهار جرم اصلی اعمال صلاحیت کند. بنابراین، از آنجا که جرم قاچاق مواد مخدر در زمرۀ جرائم مصرح نیست، خارج از صلاحیت دیوان قرار می‌گیرد. از سوی دیگر، نظر به اینکه جرم قاچاق مواد مخدر در مقیاس وسیع در سطح جهان صورت می‌گیرد و نگرانی عمدۀ جامعۀ جهانی است، این مقاله درصدد بررسی این موضوع بود که آیا می‌توان تحت مقررات فعلی اساسنامه یا در صورت اصلاح آن، بر جرم قاچاق مواد مخدر نیز اعمال صلاحیت کرد. این تحقیق که به روش توصیفی ـ تحلیلی انجام گرفته، با هدف تبیین این موضوع تدوین شده است که چرایی و چگونگی توسعۀ صلاحیت دیوان بر جرم قاچاق مواد مخدر را بررسی کند، تا از بعد عملی بتوان با بی‌کیفرمانی قاچاقچیان عمدۀ مواد مخدر، مقابله کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Possibility of Development of the International Criminal Court’s Jurisdiction over the Crime of Drug Trafficking

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammadali Solhchi 1
  • Shahriar Nasiri 2

1 Associate Prof., Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Allameh Tabataba'i, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. Student in International Law, University of Allameh Tabataba'i, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Subject-matter jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court includes only four major crimes and under the present rules of the Rome Statute, crime of drug trafficking is not among them. The ICC is not a court of general jurisdiction, it has jurisdiction only over the crimes enumerated in the Rome Statute and since drug trafficking is not among them; it falls outside the court's subject matter jurisdiction. On the other hand, drug trafficking is common in large scale around the world and so it is concern to the international community as a whole. So, the article aims to consider whether under the current statute rules or if amended, the jurisdiction of ICC could be extended over the crime of drug trafficking. Present paper that written in analytical-descriptive method, aims to consider why and how ICC's jurisdiction can be extended over the crime of drug trafficking in order to combat impunity of major drug traffickers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rome statute
  • International Crime
  • International Criminal Court
  • Subject Matter Jurisdiction
  • Drug trafficking
1. فارسی
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2. انگلیسی
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C) Internationl Documents
33. Draft Statute for an International Criminal Court
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E) Dissertation
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