دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین‌الملل عمومی، گروه حقوق عمومی و بین‌الملل، دانشکدۀ حقوق، الهیات و علوم سیاسی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه حقوق بین‌الملل، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور تقویت نقش ارتقایی و نظارتی نهاد حقوق بشر سازمان ملل متحد، شورای حقوق بشر موظف شد تا اختیارات، فعالیت‌ها و سازوکارهای کمیسیون حقوق بشر سابق را بازنگری و ساختار شورا را سازماندهی کند. بر این اساس کمیته‌ای با عنوان «کمیتۀ مشورتی» ایجاد شد که این تحقیق با هدف شناخت و بررسی عملکرد این نهاد در شورای حقوق بشر صورت گرفته است. بررسی نقش و عملکرد کمیتۀ مشورتی نشان داد که کمیتۀ مشورتی در شورای حقوق بشر نقش «مشاور بین‌المللی»را بر عهده دارد و در مواردی توصیه‌نامه صادر می‌کند. کارکرد دیگر کمیتۀ مشورتی، فراهم آوردن «فضا و عرصه‌ای مناسب» برای تبادل‌نظر و گفت‌وگو میان کارشناسان کمیتۀ مشورتی، نمایندگان دولت‌ها و سازمان‌های غیردولتی در زمینۀ مسائل حقوق بشر است. کمیتۀ مشورتی از طریق مطالعات، تهیۀ گزارش‌ها و پیش‌نویس برخی اسناد بین‌المللی در شکل‌گیری افکار عمومی، اطلاع‌رسانی و افزایش دانش و تولید اطلاعات در زمینۀ مسائل مختلف حقوق بشر تأثیرگذار بوده و موجب ترویج و حمایت حقوق بشر و ارتقای عملکرد شورای حقوق بشر شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Status and Function of the UN Human Rights Council Advisory Committee in the International Human Rights System

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fariba Navab Daneshmand 1
  • Seyed Mohammad Hashemi 2
  • Amirhossein Ranjbarian 3

1 Ph.D. Student in Public International Law, Department of Law and Political Science, Faculty of Theology, Law and Political Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Prof., Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Shahid Beheshti, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Prof., Department of Public and International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Human Rights Council Advisory Committee is a consultative body of the Human Rights Council that provides the council's requested consultations. Its studies and reports lead to draft some international instruments. It is important to recognize the advisory committee to understand the mechanisms of the UN system for protecting human rights. The present study was designed to identify the advisory committee and examine and review its function and role. This research has shown that the Advisory Committee has an international advisory role and it issues recommendations. Another function of the advisory committee is providing suitable area to interact, exchange ideas, debate, and dialogue between experts of the Advisory Committee and representatives of governments and NGOs about human rights issues. The Advisory Committee protects and promotes human rights through shaping public opinion, informing and increasing knowledge and information production on various human rights issues through studies, preparing reports, and drafting some international instruments. The Advisory Committee has strengthened the functions and efficiency of Human Rights Council.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • promotion
  • human rights
  • protection
  • The Human Rights Council
  • Advisory Committee
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