دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین‌الملل، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران‏

2 استاد گروه حقوق بین‌الملل عمومی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران‏

چکیده

دانش و فناوری در حوزۀ مهندسی ژنتیک رو به گسترش است و نقش مهمی در شناخت بیماری‌ها و درمان آنها ایفا می‌کند. با وجود این  استفاده از ویرایش ژنوم برای اصلاح ژنِ انسان، چه از نظر بالینی و چه از نظر اخلاقی و حقوقی سبب بروز نگرانی‌هایی شده است. اصلاح ژنتیکی انسان و انتقال ژنوم تغییریافته به نسل‌های آینده می‌تواند با پیامدهای پیش‌بینی‌نشدنی همراه باشد. دقیقاً به همین دلیل، ویرایش ژنوم انسانی، حتی در موارد درمانی، سبب به چالش کشیده شدن تعهدات حقوق بشری می‌شود. عدم قطعیت در خصوص تأثیرات بالینی ویرایش ژنوم بر نسل‌های آتی و نقض احتمالی برخی حقوق بنیادین آنها سبب شده تا زمزمه‌های ممنوعیت مطلق به‌کارگیری این روش مطرح شود. با وجود این، مطابق قواعد حقوق بین‌الملل، توسعۀ ویرایش ژنوم انسان تا آنجایی مجاز خواهد بود که ناقض حقوق بنیادین بشر نباشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Human Genome Modification from a Human Rights ‎Perspective

نویسندگان [English]

  • Morteza Naderi 1
  • seyed Ghasem Zamani 2

1 Ph.D. Student in International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Allameh Tabataba'i ‎University, Tehran, Iran‎

2 Prof., Department of Public International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Allameh ‎Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran‎

چکیده [English]

The technology and knowledge are rapidly developing in the field of Genome Editing or Human Germline Engineering and will have a crucial role in disease diagnosis and identification of their treatments. Nevertheless, using germline-editing methods to modify the human genome raises serious medical, moral, and legal concerns. Germline modifications in humans and passing the edited genes to future generations might lead to unpredictable consequences. For the very same reason, human germline therapies raise challenges with regard to human rights obligations. The clinical uncertainties about the possible outcomes of the human germline modification on next generations and feasible violation of their rights caused voices to call for its absolute prohibition. Nevertheless, the Genome Editing is permitted under the rules of international law insofar as it complies with human rights obligations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Genetic
  • Genome Editing
  • ‎Human Rights
  • Next ‎Generations.‎
  1. فارسی

- مقالات

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  1. C) International Instruments

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